In Cuba, Christianity, particularly Roman Catholicism, is the dominant religion, but it has been substantially transformed and impacted by syncretism in some areas.
Summary of the main points. Written protections for religious freedom and prohibitions against discrimination on the basis of religion are included in the country’s constitution.
Orula. On October 4, Cubans commemorate Orula, the goddess of divination and knowledge who stands as a witness to the entirety of creation. This God is the one who is summoned by the Babalawo (priest) in order to forecast the past, present, and future of individuals. Orula is represented by the colors green and yellow, and she celebrates the same day as San Francisco de Asis.
Christianity was practiced by 61.7 percent of the Cuban population in 2021, according to official figures. In 2019, Cuba officially declared itself to be secular (meaning that religious institutions are apart from the state) and determined to ensure religious freedom.
Cubans Have Strong Religious Beliefs
|Rank||Belief System||Share of Population in Cuba|
|1||Roman Catholic Christianity||59%|
|2||Atheism or Agnosticism||23%|
|3||Santeria and Other African-Caribbean Folk Beliefs||12%|
|4||Protestantism and Other Non-Catholic Forms of Christianity||5%|
A report by the US government-funded Freedom House classifies Cuba as ‘Not Free,’ noting that the country is the only one in the Americas to consistently appear on the organization’s Worst of the Worst: the World’s Most Repressive Societies list, which lists countries with widespread violations of political rights and civil liberties. The World in 2017
|Republic of Cuba República de Cuba (Spanish)|
|Government||Unitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic|
|First Secretary President||Miguel Díaz-Canel|
|Vice President||Salvador Valdés Mesa|
|Prime Minister||Manuel Marrero Cruz|
There are about six million Catholics in the United States, accounting for around 60.5 percent of the overall population. The nation is split into eleven dioceses, with three of them serving as archbishops. In comparison to many other nations, the Catholic Church in Cuba has taken on a more politically engaged role.
Santera is based on the development of personal relationships between practitioners of the religion and the orisha deities through divination, sacrifice, initiation, and mediumship (see medium) between practitioners of the religion and the orisha deities, who provide their devotees with protection, wisdom, and success, as well as guiding devotees through difficult times.
The majority of Cubans are fluent in Spanish, however English is more often spoken in bigger towns and tourist regions than in other parts of the country. Although prior knowledge of Spanish is not essential, it is recommended that you acquire a few simple words and basic phrases in order to get the most out of your interaction with the Cuban people.
During the colonial period, 1498–1898, Catholicism flourished in Cuba. Roman Catholicism arrived in Cuba in 1512, with the Dominicans being the first Catholic priests to arrive, followed by the Franciscans a few years later.
In addition to cigars and rum made from sugar cane, Cuba is well-known for its ladies, Salsa and other Cuban dance styles, Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, 1950s-era automobiles, Spanish-colonial architecture, the Cuban National Ballet, the Buena Vista Social Club, and the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay.
According to the most recent assessment from the United States Overseas Security Advisory Council, Cuba is a reasonably safe place to visit in general (OSAC). Travelers visiting Cuba are rarely subjected to safety concerns, while petty crimes such as pickpocketing and cash frauds are not unheard of.