Distance to which Cuban missiles may travel at their maximum range
|SS-4 SANDAL||SS-5 SKEAN|
|Yield||1-1.3/2-2/3 Mt||1.0 or 2.0 -2.3 Mt|
|Range (km)||2,000 km||4500 or 3200 -3700 km|
Can you tell me how far a Cuban missile might travel?
During the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962, the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff over the deployment of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles in Cuba, which was just 90 miles from the beaches of the United States.
Because of the presence of tactical nuclear weapons on the island, the United States would have lost virtually all of its 180,000 troops in the assault as well as all of the Marines currently stationed at Guantanamo. Fortunately, the members of the household had already been evacuated. Both sides would be forced into a full-fledged nuclear exchange at this time.
Fifty years ago, in October 1962, the world was on the verge of waging nuclear war against itself. In an address delivered on October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy warned the world that the Soviet Union was developing secret missile sites in Cuba, only 90 miles off the coast of Florida, based on photographic data reviewed by his administration.
Why did the Soviet Union station nuclear weapons in Cuba? Khrushchev wished to help the newly established communist state in what he called “Uncle Sam’s backyard,” and to assure that the United States would not attempt another episode like the Bay of Pigs by overthrowing Castro.
As a result of the fall of the Soviet Union, Cuba’s gross domestic product (GDP) plummeted by 35%, imports and exports both decreased by more than 80%, and several local sectors suffered significant declines. The ramifications of this were serious, with many Cuban businesses unable to function properly without this type of petroleum.
Cuba was armed with more than 100 tactical nuclear weapons, all of which were unknown to the United States. These weapons included 80 nuclear-armed front cruise missiles (FKRs), 12 nuclear warheads for dual use lunar space launchers (Luna), and six nuclear bombs for IL-28 bombers (all of which were unknown to the United States).
The vast majority of historians agree that it was precisely because the implications of a nuclear war would have been so awful that it was averted. Both sides were well aware that they stood to lose if they engaged in a missile exchange. Lastly, a secret agreement was reached in which the Americans promised to remove their missiles from Turkey as a condition of the agreement.
Nuclear war was avoided, according to the majority of historians, because the effects of such a conflict would have been so awful. An exchange of missiles was avoided by both sides since they realized they had nothing to gain. Lastly, a secret agreement was reached in which the Americans promised to remove their missiles from Turkey as a condition of the settlement.
Cuba does not possess nuclear weapons, and there have been no credible allegations of Cuban efforts to obtain nuclear weapons in the past few months. Cuba is not believed to be in possession of chemical weapons, and there are no credible claims of the country possessing long-range ballistic missiles either.
Between 1945 and 1971, over 500 million tons of nuclear weapons were exploded in the atmosphere, with the peak being in 1961–62, when the United States and the Soviet Union detonated 340 million tons of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.
During the decades leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States held a significant military edge over the Soviet Union. With more than 300 land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and a fleet of Polaris submarines, the United States possessed more nuclear might than the Soviet Union.
Mr. Robert McNamara of the Department of Defense presents President John F. Kennedy with three options: diplomacy with Cuban leader Fidel Castro and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev, a naval quarantine of Cuba, and an air attack to destroy the missile sites, which could kill thousands of Soviet personnel and trigger a Soviet counterattack on a target in the United States.
In 1995, Russia came dangerously close to destroying the United States with a nuclear strike after falsely believing it was under assault. If it weren’t for Russia’s then-president Boris Yeltsin, the United States of America would not exist as we know it today.
In order to keep the Soviet Union and Cuba from finding out about the missiles, President Kennedy had them classified as top secret. The purpose of this “quarantine,” as he referred to it, was to prevent the Soviet Union from bringing in further military supplies. He called for the removal of the missiles that were already in place as well as the demolition of the missile sites.