During the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962, the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff over the deployment of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles in Cuba, which was just 90 miles from the beaches of the United States. On October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy delivered a television speech.
What would have occurred if the United States of America had attacked Cuba in 1962?
Cubans, pay attention: you must obey the commands of the United States Army, or you will face the consequences. As a result, if the United States had attacked Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, the Cuban people would have been told something similar.
Following a series of lengthy and arduous talks, President John F. Kennedy decided to impose a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The purpose of this “quarantine,” as he referred to it, was to prevent the Soviet Union from bringing in further military supplies. He called for the removal of the missiles that were already in place as well as the demolition of the missile sites.
American citizens were alerted by President John F. Kennedy via radio broadcasts that the Soviet Union was deploying offensive nuclear weapons in Cuba. The purpose of President John F. Kennedy was to persuade the Soviet Union to evacuate the weapons without resorting to force. In order to do this, he established a naval blockade around Cuba.
On October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy said that U.S. surveillance planes had located Soviet missile depots in Cuba.
It was not until the two nations reached an agreement on the night of October 27 that they were able to pull back from the brink of nuclear war. The last day of discussions was filled with numerous unexpected incidents, one of which came dangerously close to resulting in tragedy. That day will come to be known as “Black Saturday” in the following years.
After returning to Cuba, Castro played a pivotal part in the Cuban Revolution by commanding the Movement against Batista’s soldiers in the Sierra Maestra, which was a major battle in the guerrilla struggle that followed. Following Batista’s defeat in 1959, Castro ascended to the position of prime minister of Cuba, assuming military and political authority.
Kennedy initially pledged not to invade the island country, but newly released records reveal that he later backed away from that vow, fearing that Cuba would become a “invulnerable stronghold” for the United States. The crisis was sparked by the discovery by the United States in the fall of 1962 that Moscow had delivered ballistic missiles to Cuba.
Why did the Soviet Union station nuclear weapons in Cuba? Khrushchev wished to help the newly established communist state in what he called “Uncle Sam’s backyard,” and to assure that the United States would not attempt another episode like the Bay of Pigs by overthrowing Castro.
The Kennedy ‘Quarantines’ were established on October 22, 1962 CE. Cuba. When President John F. Kennedy declared a “quarantine” on Cuba on October 22, 1962, it was in response for the finding of Soviet missile installations on the island just one week earlier.
Several Russian warships, some of which were believed to be carrying missiles capable of destroying American cities, moved toward a brisling ring of United States warships and planes, which were under orders to prevent further aggressive arms deliveries to Fidel Castro through whatever means necessary.
Approximately 1,400 Cuban exiles attempted a bungled invasion of Cuba from the Bay of Pigs on April 17, 1961, which ultimately resulted in the death of a total of 1,400 people. In 1959, Fidel Castro ascended to the throne as a result of an armed uprising that deposed Cuban tyrant Fulgencio Batista.
John F. Kennedy made the decision to impose a naval “quarantine,” or blockade, on Cuba in order to prevent the Soviet Union from delivering more missiles to the country. On October 22, President John F. Kennedy declared the quarantine and warned that U.S. Marines would confiscate “offensive weapons and related equipment” that Soviet ships could attempt to bring to Cuba.
President Kennedy’s demand that the missiles be evacuated from Cuba was based mostly on fear, according to the president. The United States said that it would not approve the delivery of offensive weapons to Cuba and demanded that the Soviet Union destroy the missile sites that were now under construction. The Soviet Union refused.
Newly declassified records suggest that the United States and the Soviet Union came closer to nuclear war in November 1983, at the height of Cold War tensions, than historians—and even many officials at the time—had previously realized.