In total, the Soviets were constructing nine sites: six for R-12 medium-range ballistic missiles (NATO designation SS-4 Sandal), which had an effective range of 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles), and three for R-14 intermediate-range ballistic missiles (NATO designation SS-5 Skean), which had a maximum range of 4,500 kilometers (2,500 miles) (2,800 mi).
And what occurred following the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, you might wonder.
Fifty years ago, in October 1962, the world was on the verge of waging nuclear war against itself. In an address delivered on October 22, 1962, President John F. Kennedy warned the world that the Soviet Union was developing secret missile sites in Cuba, only 90 miles off the coast of Florida, based on photographic data reviewed by his administration.
Medium-range ballistic missiles, which are capable of transporting a nuclear payload over a distance of more than 1,000 nautical miles, are among the weapons on the list.
Because of the presence of tactical nuclear weapons on the island, the United States would have lost virtually all of its 180,000 troops in the assault as well as all of the Marines currently stationed at Guantanamo. Fortunately, the members of the household had already been evacuated. Both sides would be forced into a full-fledged nuclear exchange at this time.
These missiles are capable of reaching the majority of major U.S. cities, including Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York City, putting them in the crosshairs of a nuclear strike. In addition, Kennedy observed signs of nuclear-capable bombers.
In 1961, more than 100 nuclear-capable missiles produced by the United States and capable of striking Moscow with nuclear warheads were stationed in Italy and Turkey.
Why did the Soviet Union station nuclear weapons in Cuba? Khrushchev wished to help the newly established communist state in what he called “Uncle Sam’s backyard,” and to assure that the United States would not attempt another episode like the Bay of Pigs by overthrowing Castro.
On the island of Cuba, in October 1962, a U-2 spy plane from the United States surreptitiously photographed nuclear missile installations being developed by the Soviet Union at the time. In order to keep the Soviet Union and Cuba from finding out about the missiles, President Kennedy had them classified as top secret. In order to discuss the situation, he met with his advisors in private for a number of days.
There are 3475 kilometers (2159.6 miles) between Cuba and Florida on a compass.
On this day in 1962, President John F. Kennedy issued an alarm to the American people about the Cuban missile crisis, establishing a naval blockade on the island nation 90 miles (145 kilometers) off the coast of the United States in order to prevent future missile shipments to the island government.
Because a quarantine had less of a military connotation than a naval blockade, it was believed that the quarantine would convey to Khrushchev the determination of the President to see that those missiles were not fired. It was also believed that the quarantine would convey to Khrushchev that those missiles would not be fired.
Because a quarantine had less of a military connotation than a naval blockade, it was believed that the quarantine would convey to Khrushchev the determination of the President to see that those missiles were not fired. It was also believed that the quarantine would convey to Khrushchev that those missiles were not fired.
During the decades leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States held a significant military edge over the Soviet Union. With more than 300 land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and a fleet of Polaris submarines, the United States possessed more nuclear might than the Soviet Union.
Cuba does not possess nuclear weapons, and there have been no credible allegations of Cuban efforts to obtain nuclear weapons in the past few months. Cuba is not believed to be in possession of chemical weapons, and there are no credible claims of the country possessing long-range ballistic missiles either.
Between 1945 and 1971, over 500 million tons of nuclear weapons were exploded in the atmosphere, with the peak being in 1961–62, when the United States and the Soviet Union detonated 340 million tons of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.