Trinidadians grow many ornamental and fruit trees that were introduced by Manhin years ago. One of the most popular fruits in Trinidad is dwarf pommecythere, also known as June plum, Spondia dulcis, which he introduced from Southeast Asia. This plant attains only about 5 feet and can bear a good crop of fruit.
four to six years
Once the fruit begins to develop and the husks are pulling back from the fruit , spray plums with spinosad, esfenvalerate or permethrin to control the twig borers. Spray again with a mix of fungicide, malathion and sulfur to control leaf curl, plum pocket, scab and brown rot and aphids.
Have you ever eaten the last of the most deliciously juicy plum and, with the pit as the only memento, wondered, “ Can I plant a plum pit ?” The answer to planting plums from a pit is a resounding yes!
The ackee , also known as ankye, achee, akee, ackee apple or ayee (Blighia sapida) is a fruit of the Sapindaceae soapberry family, as are the lychee and the longan. It is native to tropical West Africa.
|Blighia sapida K.D.Koenig|
Banana production in the Caribbean is widespread. Countries where bananas are a main export crop are Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Jamaica, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname and Colombia.
Plums are a stone fruit that are both delicious and beautiful. Most plum trees are not self-pollinating, so you will need to plant at least two plum trees to bear fruit . When planting a plum tree , it is important to make sure that the variety you choose will grow well in your climate.
There are steps you can take to prevent the problem of no fruit on plum trees . Keep weeds and grass away from the base of a tree . Provide good irrigation and a fertilizing program appropriate for fruiting trees . Fertilizers higher in phosphorus will help with blooming and fruiting.
No, plum trees do not produce fruit every year . Most plum trees will need 3 to 6 years after planting before they grow to maturity and start producing fruit . Dwarf varieties may start producing fruit 1 year sooner than standard varieties of plum trees .
Plum aphids are another common pest found on plum trees . Aptly names, as plum leaves are the pests’ favorite food. These aphids are green, yellow or brown and under ½ inch (1.25 cm.) The curled leaves then do not photosynthesize properly, which stunts the tree and/or fruit and, in severe cases, will kill the tree .
It is important to choose a warm, sheltered site and to avoid frost pockets, as plums blossom early in the year. Placing a plum tree against a south facing wall can provide extra protection where conditions are less than ideal. Another key thing in any organic garden is to increase biodiversity as much as possible.
PLUM TREE PESTS AND DISEASES PLUM SAWFLY . The picture above shows the damage done to plums by the plum sawfly ( Hoplocampa flava). PLUM TREE LEAF CURL. APHIDS . PINK MAGGOTS INSIDE PLUMS. PIGEONS. BROWN ROT OF PLUM TREES. WINTER MOTH . SCALE INSECTS .
Plant plum trees during the dormant season, before growth starts in late winter or early spring .
American plum reaches a height of 12 feet with good growing conditions, but on more restrictive sites it may only reach 6 feet. Sprouts from spreading root systems form thickets up to 35 feet wide. It grows at about 12 to 18 inches per year.
Plums are a very nutritious fruit. Both plums and prunes are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. Additionally, they have several characteristics that may reduce the risk of many chronic diseases, such as osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease and diabetes.