The indentured workers (known derogatively as ‘coolies’) were recruited from India, China and from the Pacific and signed a contract in their own countries to work abroad for a period of 5 years or more.
Most of these indentured labourers were drawn from the agricultural and laboring classes of the Uttar Pradesh and Bihar regions of north India , with a comparatively smaller number being recruited from Bengal and various areas in south India . Approximately 85% of the immigrants were Hindus, and 14% Muslims.
An indenture system was established which brought East Indian immigrants to Trinidad from 1845 to 1917. In India agents went about the country, making contracts with recruits, and then sending these recruits to depots at the ports of embarkation.
Many landowners also felt threatened by newly freed servants demand for land. The colonial elite realized the problems of indentured servitude . Landowners turned to African slaves as a more profitable and ever-renewable source of labor and the shift from indentured servants to racial slavery had begun.
Indentured servants were men and women who signed a contract (also known as an indenture or a covenant) by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation to Virginia and, once they arrived, food, clothing, and shelter.
Slavery in India escalated during the Muslim domination of northern India after the 11th-century, after Muslim rulers re- introduced slavery to the Indian subcontinent.
Top 5 Countries to Travel which has Most Number of Indian Residents Mauritius. Mauritius is often compared to heaven on earth due to its endless spread of calm, blue ocean. Guyana. Guyana is located on South America’s North Atlantic coast. Trinidad and Tobago. Fiji. United Arab Emirates .
Primarily, they came from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar but a few were from Bengal and the region then called Madras. Their descendants are now the largest ethnic group in Trinidad .
Most Guyanese , and the smaller number of Trinidadians in Richmond Hill, are descendants of Indians who were brought over to the Caribbean starting in 1838 as contract laborers on sugar plantations after slavery was outlawed in the region’s British colonies.
Indo- Guyanese or Indian – Guyanese , are people of Indian origin who are Guyanese nationals tracing their ancestry to the Indian subcontinent. They are the descendants of indentured laborers and settlers who arrived beginning in 1838 from India during the time of the British Raj.