Spanish colonization and rule (1492–1898) After first landing on an island then called Guanahani, Bahamas, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: La Pinta, La Niña and the Santa María, discovering Cuba on 27 October 1492, and landed in northeastern coast on October 28.
This landing is carried out for Bariay, place insignia of the county of Holguín, in the Oriente of Cuba , where the admiral discovered a new world that, according to his words, era “The must beautiful earth than human eyes had ever seen”.
Christopher Columbus landed at Cuba in 1492 and claimed the land for Spain. Columbus named the land Isla Juana, but later it would be called Cuba, which comes from the local Native American name of coabana. The first Spanish settlement on Cuba was Baracoa which was founded by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1511.
It was established in 1898, when the United States took control of Cuba from Spain following the Spanish–American War. The United States used Guantanamo Bay as a processing center for asylum-seekers and as a camp for HIV-positive refugees in the 1990s.
By early 1898, tensions between the United States and Spain had been mounting for months. After the U.S. battleship Maine exploded and sank in Havana harbor under mysterious circumstances on February 15, 1898, U.S. military intervention in Cuba became likely.
Cuba is a country of undeniable enchantment with its butter-soft balmy beaches, lush green countryside, and colorful colonial cities, which crawl with 1950s Cadillacs and overflow with the scent of rum and cigar smoke.
The economy of Cuba is a largely planned economy dominated by state-run enterprises. In 2016 Cuba ranked 68th out of 182 countries, with a Human Development Index of 0.775, much higher than its GDP per capita rank (95th).
Leif Erikson , Leiv Eiriksson or Leif Ericson ( c. 970 – c. 1020) was a Norse explorer from Iceland. He is thought to have been the first known European to have set foot on continental North America (excluding Greenland), approximately half a millennium before Christopher Columbus .
On August 3, 1492, Columbus set sail from Spain to find an all-water route to Asia. Columbus brought back small amounts of gold as well as native birds and plants to show the richness of the continent he believed to be Asia.
Cuba’s prevailing religion is Christianity, primarily Roman Catholicism, although in some instances it is profoundly modified and influenced through syncretism.
The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida. At the time of European contact in the late 15th century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba , Jamaica, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico.
|Vice President||Rafael Guas Inclán|
|Preceded by||Carlos Prío Socarrás|
|Succeeded by||Anselmo Alliegro|
|In office October 10, 1940 – October 10, 1944|