Cuba has three major mountain ranges. In the west the Sierra de los Órganos range rises to the height of 800 m (2,500 ft) above sea level. In the south central region, the Sierra de Trinidad, or the Escambray mountains, tower 1,150 m (3,800 ft) above sea level and overlook the colonial city of Trinidad.
The Geography of Cuba Major Landforms: Cuba is the 17th largest island in the world. Sierra Maestra mountain range , Sierra Cristal Mountains , Escambray Mountains , Pico Turquino Mountain , and Zapata Swamp.
Millenniums ago Cuba was formed from the fusion of three large islands, whose generally flat land is now broken up by three main mountain ranges. The Sierra Maestra, the country’s highest mountain range, dominates the southeastern coast, with the massif of the Alturas de Sagua-Baracoa grouped in the far east.
6 578 футов
The Oriental, Central, and Occidental Mountains cover 25 percent of the country. The loftiest mountain system is the Sierra Maestra; it is the steepest of the Cuban ranges , and its peaks include the country’s highest summit: Pico Turquino, at 2,005 meters (6,578 feet).
Terrain. Terrain is mostly flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast. The lowest point is the Caribbean Sea at 0 m (sea level) and the highest point is Pico Turquino at 1,974 m (6,476 ft), part of the Sierra Maestra mountain range, located in the southeast of the island.
Cuba is a country of undeniable enchantment with its butter-soft balmy beaches, lush green countryside, and colorful colonial cities, which crawl with 1950s Cadillacs and overflow with the scent of rum and cigar smoke.
Three stages of Cretaceous island arc volcano -sedimentary and plutonic rocks, separated by unconformities, are found in Cuba .
Cuba Has Seen Snow . Cuba is a tropical country with temperatures usually ranging from the mid 60s to the low 90s Fahrenheit (20s to low 30s Celsius). However reports show that on March 12, 1857 it actually snowed in Cardenas, Cuba ! Don’t worry, a beach snowman in Cuba is unlikely.
Cuba is about 1.3 times smaller than Florida . Florida is approximately 139,670 sq km, while Cuba is approximately 110,860 sq km, making Cuba 79.37% the size of Florida .
Cuba has had a socialist political system since 1959 based on the “one state – one party” principle. Cuba is constitutionally defined as a Marxist–Leninist socialist state guided in part by the political ideas of Karl Marx, one of the fathers of historical materialism, Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Lenin.
The economy of Cuba is a largely planned economy dominated by state-run enterprises. In 2016 Cuba ranked 68th out of 182 countries, with a Human Development Index of 0.775, much higher than its GDP per capita rank (95th).