To stave off hunger and malnutrition, Cubans turned to organic farming in urban and rural areas. Small and often family-operated urban farms brought nutrients to the inner cities while rural farmers focused on generating a sustainable and high-yield output of staple crops.
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing The Cuban economy has depended heavily on the sugarcane crop since the 18th century. Apart from sugarcane, the chief crops are rice (the main source of calories in the traditional diet), citrus fruits (which are also an important export), potatoes, plantains and bananas, cassava (manioc), tomatoes, and corn (maize).
Agriculture in Cuba has played an important part in the economy for several hundred years. Today, it contributes less than 10% to the gross domestic product (GDP), but it employs about 20% of the working population. About 30% of the country’s land is used for crop cultivation.
“It’s sad that the immense majority of farmers in Cuba still use pesticides and chemical fertilisers. The land, in Pinar del Río province, was once planted with tobacco, which has a reputation for high reliance on pesticides . Chemical residues from other crops wash in from neighbouring farms with the rain.
Cuba is still a long way from being self – sufficient . Between 70 to 80 per cent of food is still imported from places such as Venezuela and Vietnam.
Cuba is a country of undeniable enchantment with its butter-soft balmy beaches, lush green countryside, and colorful colonial cities, which crawl with 1950s Cadillacs and overflow with the scent of rum and cigar smoke.
Cuba is a fascinating country. The main island of Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. Cuba’s coastline stretches over 3500 miles. The most popular sport in Cuba is baseball. Cuba’s three biggest exports are tobacco, sugar and nickel. Cuba has nine UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Rationing in Cuba refers to the system of food distribution known in Cuba as the Libreta de Abastecimiento (“Supplies booklet”). All citizens are still provided with subsidized rations today, even those who could otherwise afford to purchase food.
Rum is a long-time staple of Cuban bars. There are 12 rum distilleries and 60 different brands of rum sold in Cuba. White rum is the lightest, añejo is the darkest, and oro (“gold”) is in the middle.
Apples need cold weather. Therefore, they are almost impossible to find growing in Cuba unless imported. If you do miraculously find apples , they are usually sold on a street corner for about $1 each. Apples are a luxury item in Cuba .
The Best Souvenirs from Cuba for Americans to Bring Home Cuban Cigars– the Ultimate Souvenir. Official Cuban Cigars from Government Run Stores. Cuban Cigars from a Local Farm. Black Market Cuban Cigars. Cuban Cigar Humidor. Cuban Rum. Anything Made by Cuban Artisans at Piscolabis. Made in Cuba Perfume: Habana 1791. Cuban Art. Cuban Chocolate (Maybe) Cuban Straw Hat.
Don’t eat raw vegetables, fruits , or eggs These are all considered “high risk” foods are great examples of what not to eat in Cuba .
Economy of Cuba
|Export goods||petroleum, nickel, medical products, sugar, tobacco, fish, citrus, coffee|
|Main export partners||Venezuela 17.8% Spain 12.2% Russia 7.9% Lebanon 6.1% Indonesia 4.5% Germany 4.3% (2017)|
|Imports||$11.06 billion (2017 est.)|
|Import goods||petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals|
From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902.