After his arrival on a Spanish expedition, Spain conquered Cuba and appointed Spanish governors to rule in Havana. However, the Spanish –American War resulted in a Spanish withdrawal from the island in 1898, and following three-and-a-half years of subsequent US military rule, Cuba gained formal independence in 1902.
America had an interest in Cuba due to how close it was to the United States , but Spain refused to sell the island. Cuban people revolted against the Spanish in an attempt to become independent, but were unsuccessful. The Second War for Independence was directly fueled by the dislike for Spanish rule by the Cubans .
After his death, Marti became a martyr of the revolution and remains a hero to the Cuban people. Spain responded to the Cuban insurgency by sending 100,000 soldiers to Cuba in 1895. After the United States government was drawn into the conflict in 1898, the end of Spanish rule became a reality.
It increased Americans’ support for going to war against Spain . Why did Spain refuse to grant Cuba its independence ? Cuba was one of only two colonies in Spain’s shrinking empire in the Americas. They saw it as a struggle for freedom similar to the American Revolution.
This Means War! On February 15, 1898, a mysterious explosion sank the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, triggering a war between the United States and Spain. The Maine had come to Cuba to protect American citizens while Cuban revolutionaries were fighting to win independence from Spain.
Following the defeat of Spain in 1898, the United States remained in Cuba as an occupying power until the Republic of Cuba was formally installed on May 19, 1902. On May 20, 1902, the United States relinquished its occupation authority over Cuba, but claimed a continuing right to intervene in Cuba.
After the Spanish–American War, Spain and the United States signed the Treaty of Paris (1898), by which Spain ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam to the United States for the sum of US$20 million and Cuba became a protectorate of the United States.
The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba , ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
Causes of Spanish American War U.S. support of Cuba’s independence. To protect U.S. business interests in Cuba. Yellow Journalism. Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine.
On April 21, 1898 , the United States declared war against Spain . The reasons for war were many, but there were two immediate ones: America’s support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
36. On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire — Cuba , Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands.
It was governed from Madrid much as it had been governed since it was first occupied and settled by the Spaniards in 1511 . Not that Cubans were as compliant in 1898 as they had been during most of the colonial period, especially when the other Spanish Americans severed their ties with the mother country in the 1820s .
The main reason for the invasion of Cuba by the United States in 1898 was strictly greed. The United States saw an economic goldmine that was too good to pass up. The Cubans , at the time were fighting for independence, but were fighting in a way to avoid United States intervention.