Major Landforms: Cuba is the 17th largest island in the world. Sierra Maestra mountain range, Sierra Cristal Mountains, Escambray Mountains, Pico Turquino Mountain, and Zapata Swamp. Major Bodies of Water: Laguna de Leche, Zaza Reservoir, Rio Cuato River, Rio Almendares, Rio Yurimi, Caribbean Sea, Windward Passage, Yucatan Channel, Atlantic Ocean.
Terrain is mostly flat to rolling plains with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast. The lowest point is the Caribbean Sea at 0 m (sea level) and the highest point is Pico Turquino at 1,974 m (6,476 ft), part of the Sierra Maestra mountain range, located in the southeast of the island.
Cuba is a tropical island with a stunning Caribbean coast. Off the coast of some beaches you can visit healthy coral reefs. Rolling hills, tobacco farms, and pine forests characterize inland Cuba . The mountains of Sierra de los Órganos are to the west, and the mountains of Sierra Maestra rise in the southwest.
Cuba is a country of undeniable enchantment with its butter-soft balmy beaches, lush green countryside, and colorful colonial cities, which crawl with 1950s Cadillacs and overflow with the scent of rum and cigar smoke.
The Oriental, Central, and Occidental Mountains cover 25 percent of the country. The loftiest mountain system is the Sierra Maestra; it is the steepest of the Cuban ranges , and its peaks include the country’s highest summit: Pico Turquino, at 2,005 meters (6,578 feet).
As in any country, crime is a concern in Cuba . Thankfully, violent crime is rare, but thieves won’t hesitate to steal your belongings, especially cameras. When on the beach or walking through Havana, don’t set your stuff down. Always keep your cameras, wallets, purses, passports, and other valuables close to your body.
Christopher Columbus landed at Cuba in 1492 and claimed the land for Spain. Columbus named the land Isla Juana, but later it would be called Cuba, which comes from the local Native American name of coabana. The first Spanish settlement on Cuba was Baracoa which was founded by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1511.
Three stages of Cretaceous island arc volcano -sedimentary and plutonic rocks, separated by unconformities, are found in Cuba .
Cuba shares maritime borders with The Bahamas , Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, and the United States. Cuba is one of the islands of the Greater Antilles archipelago, the others are Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic and Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and the Cayman Islands.
The main island of Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. Cuba’s coastline stretches over 3500 miles. The most popular sport in Cuba is baseball. Cuba’s three biggest exports are tobacco, sugar and nickel. Cuba has nine UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Cuba sensual and contagious rhythms have influenced musicians the world over, its cigars are legendary and the exotic cocktails are to die for. Cuba , with its mix of Spanish and African roots, is the largest, least commercialized, and most exciting island in the Caribbean.
Cuba is about 1.3 times smaller than Florida . Florida is approximately 139,670 sq km, while Cuba is approximately 110,860 sq km, making Cuba 79.37% the size of Florida .
Ninety miles off the tip of Florida lies a Caribbean isle shaped like a crocodile. That’s fitting, because the island of Cuba is home to rare “leaping” crocodiles — and a host of other unusual animals, including some of the world’s smallest hummingbirds, frogs, and lizards.