By 1521, Cuba had become a part of the Spanish Empire, and it was ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which had its headquarters in Mexico City at the time. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
What has been the impact of imperialism on Cuban society?
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. In the United States, some sensational publications engaged in yellow journalism dramatically depicted Spain’s violent repressive attempts to put down the revolt, resulting in a rise in public support for the Cuban insurgents.
Hispanic Colonial Rule: The history of Cuba started with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 and the following Spanish conquest of the island in 1519.
The Treaty of Paris, in addition to ensuring Cuba’s independence, compelled Spain to relinquish the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States. As part of the agreement, Spain would transfer ownership of the Philippines to the United States for a payment of $20 million.
Americans had to go to remote countries, weak countries, countries that had vast markets and abundant resources but had not yet fallen under the control of a great power for inspiration and guidance. In 1898, the United States was engulfed by a desire to exert influence overseas.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
For example, in Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the United States intervened, resulting in the Spanish-American War in 1898, which is considered one of the first examples. As a result of sensationalist American journalism on the Cuban war and the inexplicable loss of a US Navy vessel, the Cuban revolution was sparked.
Prior to the Revolution, Cuban administrations were viewed as client republics of the United States, and this continued until the country gained independence from Spain. Cuban and United States legislation from 1902 through 1932 included the Platt Amendment, which granted the United States the ability to interfere in Cuba while placing constraints on Cuba’s international ties.
Equipment, food, and fuel goods account for the vast majority of Cuba’s imports, while refined fuels, sugar, tobacco, nickel, and medicines account for the vast majority of its exports.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.