Was Cuba a victim of the Spanish-American War, and how did it fare?
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Spain’s military was outmatched from the start of the war, and the combat came to a stop on August 12, 1898, when an armistice was signed between the two countries. The United States invaded Cuba and annexed the territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines in 1959.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the strategic importance of Puerto Rico for the United States was based on economic and military concerns. The island was valuable to policymakers in the United States because it served as an outlet for excess produced products and as a significant naval post in the Caribbean.
The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1898, formally brought the Spanish-American War to a close. The territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were all captured by the United States.
Why were corporations in the United States disturbed by Spanish reactions to the Cuban Revolution in the late nineteenth century? Businesses in the United States were concerned that they would lose money that they had invested. When newspapers published sensationalized tales in the late 1800s, it resulted in the following: newspapers had a significant effect on American politics.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.