What was the motivation for the United States’ involvement in Cuba?
During Cuba’s war for independence, the United States kept a close eye on the situation. The United States had millions of dollars in investments in Cuban firms, and there were a large number of American residents living in the country. The United States also conducted business with Cuba.
War has been declared. However, the United States Congress quickly passed resolutions declaring Cuba’s right to independence, demanding the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island, and authorizing the use of force by President William McKinley to secure that withdrawal, all while categorically rejecting any notion of the United States seeking to annex the island.
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. The Cuban crisis was detrimental to U.S. interests in the island, which were believed to be worth $50 million at the time, and it almost brought U.S. commerce with Cuban ports, which was valued at $100 million yearly at the time, to a halt.
Many Americans, on the other hand, were sympathetic to the cause of the Cuban insurgents. According to the insurgents, destroying American property would lead to American engagement in the fight…. Atrocities Committed by the Spanish Spain dispatched around 200,000 troops to Cuba in order to put down the uprising.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
They engaged in “yellow journalism,” making sensationalized reports about happenings in Cuba in order to sell publications. Because the American people felt sympathetic to and upset with Spain as a result of its reporters and artists reporting on the revolution, support for U.S. intervention in the conflict grew as a result of their reporting.