The beginnings of the war. The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. The Cuban crisis was detrimental to U.S. interests in the island, which were believed to be worth $50 million at the time, and it almost brought U.S. commerce with Cuban ports, which was valued at $100 million yearly at the time, to a halt.
What exactly happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. On the same day, Spain declared war on the United States, and the United States Congress voted on April 25 to declare war on Spain as a result.
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On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. It was a complicated situation, with many factors contributing to it, but the most urgent ones were America supporting the Cuban people in their long battle against Spanish control, as well as the inexplicable explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor.
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States of America declared war on Spain in the year 1898.
On February 15, 1898, the Battleship Maine was sunk in the port of Havana, Cuba, prompting the United States to declare war on the country.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
During this fight, a slew of various things went horribly wrong. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine was the catalyst for the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In addition, there were numerous casualties and taxes were raised as a result of the war’s high cost. During this period, there was also imperialism to contend with.
The humanitarian worries over Cuba were a crucial factor in the outbreak of the Spanish American War. Another factor contributing to the conflict was the presence of American business interests in Cuba. A third reason for the war was that the United States want to see Spain expelled from the Western Hemisphere. Another contributing factor was the yellow press.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. Photograph courtesy of the United States Naval Historical Center In response to the unexplained sinking of the United States battleship Maine in the Cuban port city of Havana on February 15, 1898, the United States government declared war on Spain two months later.
While the Filipinos expected that a United States victory over Spain would result in the liberation of the Philippines, the United States refused to recognize the new government. Philippines declared war on the United States, enraged at the betrayal of its national interests.
Spain battled with Cuba because Cuba desired independence from the United States. The United States became involved in the war because the United States had economic interests in Cuba. Americans spent millions of dollars in Cuba plantations as a result of the Spanish attack on the American ship Maine, which resulted in the destruction of the ship.
By signing the Treaty of Paris in 1898, the United States committed to annex the Philippines for a sum of $20 million. Filipinos were enraged by the treachery and declared war on the United States. “I’m going to push the Americans into the sea,” Otis declared. By 1902, the United States had captured Aguinaldo and destroyed the great majority of Filipino cities and villages in the Philippines.