Note at the top of the page: By the late nineteenth century, the Spanish were losing control of their colony, Cuba. As a result, they sent rural Cubans to “reconcentration camps,” where the Spanish said they would be better protected from guerilla combat.
What was the first wave of Spanish policy in Cuba, and when did it begin?
On April 20, 1898, President William McKinley signed a joint Congressional resolution demanding Spanish evacuation and allowing the President to use military action to assist Cuba in achieving independence from Spain. The Spanish government responded by severing diplomatic ties with the United States on April 21, 2018.
In an attempt to put down the Cuban uprising, the Spanish commander, General Valeriano (“Butcher”) Weyler, set up concentration camps for rebels and their families, who were later executed.
A. the act of internment or the state of being interned, particularly of enemy people during warfare or of suspected terrorists.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
General Weyler of Spain executed the first wave of the Spanish “Reconcentracion Policy,” which resulted in the detention of thousands of Cubans in concentration camps, beginning in 1896. According to Weyler’s directive, the rural people had eight days to relocate to designated camps located in fortified cities; everyone who did not comply was shot.
* The first of these reasons refers to the reconcentration camps that the Spanish established for Cubans in order to shield them from violence in the countryside between Cuban insurgents fighting for independence and the Spanish military.
Concentration of the rural population in or around towns for the purpose of political or military management (as occurred in Cuba during the revolution of 1895–98) Because of the damage caused by the uprising, the Spanish reconcentration strategy, and the summer conflict, his mission in the rural areas was made more difficult by these factors.
The Spanish government developed a “Reconcentration Policy” in order to deprive the insurgents of their ability to live off the land and hide themselves among civilian populations. Cuban citizens were forced to relocate from rural regions to fortified camps under the supervision of Spanish soldiers as part of the strategy.
The policy has unintended negative implications. It was intended to keep Cuban citizens alive and protected until the Spanish were triumphant, which was in contrast to many concentration camps built throughout the twentieth century. The program stoked intense anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States, which contributed to the country’s entry into the war with Spain in 1898.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.