Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. The Cuban crisis was detrimental to U.S. interests in the island, which were believed to be worth $50 million at the time, and it almost brought U.S. commerce with Cuban ports, which was valued at $100 million yearly at the time, to a halt.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
1896. In order to maintain control over Cuban insurgents, Spanish commander Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau used a strategy of reconcentration (reconcentración). In order to avoid being compelled to relocate to central regions under Spanish military rule, the doctrine mandated that the whole island be placed under martial law.
On the 10th of October, 1868, landowner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes announced Cuban independence as well as the liberation of his slaves from slavery. This marked the beginning of the Ten Years’ War, which would span from 1868 until 1878.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. The war began on April 25, 1898. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
During this fight, a slew of various things went horribly wrong. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine was the catalyst for the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In addition, there were numerous casualties and taxes were raised as a result of the war’s high cost. During this period, there was also imperialism to contend with.
In 1898, the United States did not have a legitimate reason to go to war with Spain. Many people believed that Spain’s presence in the Caribbean Sea, which served as the primary commerce route between the United States and Latin America, would be damaging to both imports and exports. additional stuff to be displayed…
Cuba, on the other hand, continued to be one of Spain’s two possessions in the New World. (The other was the island of Puerto Rico.) Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began.
More tariffs and trade restrictions were imposed on Cuba in 1895, prompting the country’s economically troubled citizens to initiate the Cuban War of Independence, which was a continuation of the previous conflict. Despite the fact that Maceo had been dead by the time of the American invasion in Cuba in April 1898, the war turned out to be brief and one-sided.
The war formally came to a conclusion four months later, on December 10, 1898, when the United States and the Spanish governments signed the Treaty of Paris. The Treaty of Paris, in addition to ensuring Cuba’s independence, compelled Spain to relinquish the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States.