Despite his achievements, Cortés was constantly on the lookout for more power and greater excitement. He was able to persuade Velasquez, the governor of Cuba, to allow him to lead an expedition to the Mexican border.
On his trip, Hernan Cortes traveled to a number of locations.
Cortes had heard rumors of the Aztecs’ riches and treasures. He wished to conquer them and take their riches back to Spain, which he did. He frequently requested a meeting with the Aztec Emperor, Montezuma II, but was denied down on each occasion. He then made the decision to march on Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital.
The Spanish conqueror Hernando de Soto conducted an expedition to what is now Mexico, which arrived in 1519. Despite the fact that the Spanish soldiers numbered only about 500 men, they were successful in capturing Aztec Emperor Montezuma II. Later, the city rose up in rebellion, forcing Cortés and his troops to flee.
The expedition to Mexico was a success. After months of planning and preparation, Cortés eventually set off towards the coast of Yucatán on February 18, 1519. He was accompanied by 11 ships, 508 troops, around 100 sailors, and—most importantly—16 horses. In March 1519, he arrived in Tabasco, where he stayed for a short period of time in order to gather information from the indigenous Indians about the region.
The year 1504 saw him go on a voyage to Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), and the following year he traveled to Cuba, where he supported Diego Velázquez in his conquest of the island, earning a reputation for bravery and daring. After convincing Velázquez, who was now the governor, to choose Cortés as leader of an expedition to Mexico in 1518, the conquistador achieved success.
As a result of their assistance in modernizing the culture, the Spanish had a good impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, cereals, and European agricultural methods, as well as European farming practices themselves. The Spanish, perhaps most notably, brought a stop to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
The conquest of Mexico began with an expedition to seek for gold on the American continent, which eventually led to the conquest of Mexico. In 1519, Cortés arrived in Mexico with around 450 soldiers and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to Tenochtitlan, the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco on the island of Tenochtitlan.
The word conquistador derives from the Spanish language and literally translates as “one who conquers.” It was these brave warriors who took up weapons to conquer, subdue, and convert indigenous cultures in the New World that were known as conquistadors.
Conquistador Hernán Cortés (c. 1485-1547) is most remembered for his conquest of the Aztecs and subsequent claim of Mexico on behalf of the Spanish crown.
Spanish conquistadors under the command of Hernán Cortés formed alliances with indigenous tribes in order to capture the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán in 1519. During the siege of Tenochtitlán, Cortés’ army held out for 93 days, and it was only through a combination of superior armament and a terrible smallpox outbreak that the Spanish were able to capture the city.
In the latter half of the 1530s, Cortés traversed the northern region of Mexico and found Baja California for the Spanish Empire. In 1540, he relocated to Spain, where he spent the most of his remaining years seeking acknowledgment and compensation for his accomplishments. Cortés chose to return to Mexico because he was dissatisfied and resentful.
Mexico City is the capital city of the country of Mexico, which was named after the city. In the period of the Aztecs, Mexico-Tenochtitlan served as the nation’s administrative center. The words metztli, which meant moon, and xictli, which signified navel, were used to create the name of this god.
Mexico formally became the “United Mexican States” in 1821, a year after achieving independence from the Spanish Empire. The American independence movement had influenced Mexican officials during that time period, and because Mexico was, in reality, a region constituted of states at the time, the term stuck and was officially adopted in 1824.