Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
What was the process through which Cuba gained independence from Spain?
Nationalist rebellion in Cuba against Spanish control, referred to as the Cuban Independence Movement. ; It began with the fruitless Ten Years’ War (1868–78), progressed through the Cuban War of Independence (which began in 1895), and concluded in the involvement of the United States (the Spanish-American War), which brought the Spanish colonial presence to a close.
In the years 1868 to 1878, Cubans waged their first war of independence against the Spanish Empire. Although the rebels did not triumph, they were successful in forcing Spain to abolish THIS in 1886. Following then, investors from the United States made significant investments in THESE in Cuba. The insurgents hoped that the United States would join them in their fight.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
When it came to the Cuban Revolution, how did the acts of the Spanish influence American attitudes? The violent actions of the Spanish were condemned by the Americans. The Spanish, in the opinion of many Americans, were taking a fair approach to the Cuban Revolution. When the Spanish agreed to accept assistance in resolving the dispute, the Americans were overjoyed.
What was the reaction of the American people to the Cuban revolution of 1895? They were sympathetic and desired that the United States government act. When McKinley replaced Cleveland as president in 1897, he attempted to maintain Cleveland’s policy of neutrality toward Cuba.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
While the Filipinos expected that a United States victory over Spain would result in the liberation of the Philippines, the United States refused to recognize the new government. Philippines declared war on the United States, enraged at the betrayal of its national interests.
During this fight, a slew of various things went horribly wrong. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine was the catalyst for the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In addition, there were numerous casualties and taxes were raised as a result of the war’s high cost. During this period, there was also imperialism to contend with.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. Cuba was under attack by revolutionaries striving for independence from Spain, and the Maine was dispatched to the island to safeguard American people there.