Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
What was the process through which Cuba gained independence from Spain?
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. Newspapers in the United States published sensationalized stories of Spanish atrocities, adding to the growing concern over humanitarian issues.
In the years 1868 to 1878, Cubans waged their first war of independence against the Spanish Empire. Although the rebels did not triumph, they were successful in forcing Spain to abolish THIS in 1886. Following then, investors from the United States made significant investments in THESE in Cuba. The insurgents hoped that the United States would join them in their fight.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. Cuba was under attack by revolutionaries striving for independence from Spain, and the Maine was dispatched to the island to safeguard American people there.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
A. the act of internment or the state of being interned, particularly of enemy people during warfare or of suspected terrorists.