What was Cuba’s motivation for seeking independence from Spain?
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. Following the Spanish–American War, however, the Spanish were forced to evacuate from the island in 1898, and after three-and-a-half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba was granted its official independence from the United States in 1902.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
More tariffs and trade restrictions were imposed on Cuba in 1895, prompting the country’s economically troubled citizens to initiate the Cuban War of Independence, which was a continuation of the previous conflict. Despite the fact that Maceo had been dead by the time of the American invasion in Cuba in April 1898, the war turned out to be brief and one-sided.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
By 1890, the struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute, had destroyed two-thirds of its total production capacity, according to official statistics. It was believed that over a quarter of the city’s prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy. A lack of cash and a high level of debt plagued the Cuban people.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. The Spanish government rejected the United States’ ultimatum and severing diplomatic ties with the United States took effect immediately.
The bilateral ties between the Republic of Cuba and the Kingdom of Spain are referred to as “Cuba–Spain relations.” There has been a connection for more than five centuries. Cuba had been a colony from 1492 until 1898, when the United States seized control of the country as a result of the Spanish–American War.
Until Spain abolished slavery in 1886, about one-third of Cuba’s population was enslaved and forced to labor on the plantations of wealthy landowners until the end of the nineteenth century. Cuban insurgents gained independence from Spain in 1868 and immediately started a guerilla campaign against Spanish authority.
What was the impact of Cuba’s two struggles for independence on American commercial interests? Keep America from doing business with them since they continue to condone slavery and the United States is not going to intervene on their behalf What were the two incidents that prompted the United States to declare war on Spain?