At what point in history did Puerto Rico become a Spanish colony?
As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, Cubans and Puerto Ricans joined forces to fight for their independence from the Spanish Empire. Cubans and Puerto Ricans looked to the United States as a beacon of democracy and an example of liberty, as well as a potential source of assistance in their respective nations’ independence movements.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. By 1521, Cuba had become a part of the Spanish Empire, and it was ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which had its headquarters in Mexico City at the time.
After four hundred years of colonial domination by the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico was granted its independence in 1897 with the signing of a Carta de Autonoma (Declaration of Independence) (Charter of Autonomy). Spain’s Prime Minister Práxedes Mateo Sagasta signed the agreement, which was later confirmed by the Spanish Cortes.
Approximately 16,000 United States forces invaded Puerto Rico on July 25, 1898, in the port of Guánica, claiming to be liberating the island’s residents from Spanish colonial control, which had just granted the island’s government limited autonomy.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Between 1821 and 1877, they traveled from Vigo, Spain, to the port of Havana, Cuba, in order to escape starvation and political oppression. Between the 1920s and 1940s, a large number of Galicians and other Iberians who had come on the island eventually settled in Mexico and the United States.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
The United States was forced to abandon Puerto Rico and Guam, liquidated its territories in the West Indies, and agreed to pay the Phillipines a sum of $20 million dollars, while Cuba gained independence from the United States.
Rule by the Spaniards As a result, the Spanish began bringing additional slaves from Africa throughout the 16th century in order to increase the production of cash crops such as sugar cane, ginger, tobacco and coffee. After a wave of independence movements swept across Spain’s South American territories during the mid-19th century, Puerto Rico became a target of these efforts.
During Cuba’s war for independence, the United States kept a close eye on the situation. The United States had millions of dollars in investments in Cuban firms, and there were a large number of American residents living in the country. The United States also conducted business with Cuba.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. Cuba was under attack by revolutionaries striving for independence from Spain, and the Maine was dispatched to the island to safeguard American people there.
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. The war began on April 25, 1898. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.