Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
What exactly happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
His victorious attack against the Spanish armada in Manila Bay was a coup de grace. He and his allies were victorious at the Battle of San Juan Hill. In August of 1898, he led the army to seize the island of Puerto Rico and bring the battle to a close. He declared war on Spain in order to appease popular opinion in the United States.
During the conflict, both Cuba and the Philippines battled against the Spanish imperial war, and in the end, the United States was victorious. By signing the Treaty of Paris (1898), the United States gained authority of Cuba for a limited period of time, as well as colonial rule of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines for an unlimited period. Guam and Puerto Rico are still considered US territory.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Spanish American War Photographic History, p. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
In addition to the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court, and a tendency to concentrate on the American colonies rather than Spain’s domestic economy, a number of other factors played a role in the decline of Habsburg rule over Spain.
During Cuba’s war for independence, the United States kept a close eye on the situation. The United States had millions of dollars in investments in Cuban firms, and there were a large number of American residents living in the country. The United States also conducted business with Cuba.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
In the Havana port on February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin sunk the battleship U.S.S. Maine, killing 266 of the ship’s crew of 354 people. The sinking of the Maine stoked anti-Spanish feelings in the United States, which eventually resulted in a naval blockade of Cuba and the declaration of war against Spain.