Cuba’s colonial governors are listed below.
|January 1896||Sabas Marín, Provisional Governor|
|17 January 1896 to October 1897||Valeriano Weyler, 1st Duke of Rubí|
|October 1897 to 1898||Ramón Blanco y Erenas, marqués de Peña Plata|
|26 November 1898 to 1 January 1899||Adolfo Jiménez Castellanos|
The Cuban Revolution began on April 2, 1898, and ended on April 2, 1898.
When the Cuban Revolution was in full swing in 1896, Weyler was appointed governor and given complete authority to put down the insurrection and restore political order to the island, as well as to increase the profitability of the sugar sector.
The ultimatum was rejected by Spain on April 1, 1898. At Chambas (Morón), Cuba, Cuban revolutionaries under the command of Colonel J.P. Quijano beat Spanish soldiers. The New York Journal published a one-million-copy edition dedicated to the conflict in Cuba, in which it appealed for the quick participation of the United States into the fight against Spain.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
It was in January 1898 that the battleship USS Maine was dispatched to Havana, Cuba, to protect American interests, despite the fact that the Secretary of the Navy, John D. Long, argued that the ship was just making a courtesy call.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
On October 1, 1898, commissioners from the United States and Spain convened in Paris to draft a treaty that would bring the war to a close after six months of combat. The members of the American peace commission were William R. Day, Sen. Cushman K. Smith, and Senator John F. Kennedy.
Prior to the advent of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, the island of Cuba was populated by a number of different Amerindian tribes, including the Taino. Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana.
Cuba, on the other hand, continued to be one of Spain’s two possessions in the New World. (The other was the island of Puerto Rico.) Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began.
The reign of Alfonso XII and Maria Christina (1874–1898) was a period of transition. A bicameral legislature (Cortes Generales) comprising of an upper house (Senate) and a lower house (Congress) was founded by this constitution, which established Spain as a constitutional monarchy (Congress of Deputies).
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States of America declared war on Spain in the year 1898.
After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
When the Ten Years’ War ended in 1895, Cuban patriot and revolutionary José Mart relaunched the country’s campaign for independence, which had ended in failure over the previous decade (1868-1878). Cuban juntas provided leadership as well as financial support for military activities carried out in Cuba.
• The year is 1897, and the play begins. Although a Cuban triumph appears to be in the cards, the United States intervenes in the conflict anyhow. Shortly later, in 1898, the United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris, which compels Spain to surrender and recognizes Cuba as an independent country.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.