|Allegiance||Kingdom of Spain|
|Commands||6th Army Corps|
|Wars||Ten Years’ War Third Carlist War Cuban War of Independence|
Known as “the butcher,” Weyler succeeded General Campos as Captain General of Cuba in early 1896 after Campos resigned from the position. The Cuban struggle of independence was not going well for Spain at the time; the rebels had recently overrun Havana, and Antonio Maceo had made his way all the way to Mantua, the westernmost point on the island, where he was captured by the Spanish army.
General Valeriano Weyler was the commander of the Spanish soldiers in Cuba during a period of the Cuban uprising against the Spanish Empire. He became well-known for his strategy of imprisoning citizens in concentration camps in order to prevent them from assisting the rebels in their fight.
In response to the Cuban uprising in 1896, Spain dispatched General Valeriano Weyler to the island in attempt to restore order.
The Dominican revolutionary Máximo Gómez y Báez was born on November 18, 1836 in Ban, Dominican Republic, and died on June 17, 1905 in Havana, Cuba. He was the commander in chief of the Cuban revolutionary forces during the unsuccessful Ten Years’ War (1868–78) and again during the successful Cuban revolution against Spain some 20 years later.
As a result of Weyler’s merciless techniques, yellow journalism in the United States sensationalized him and dubbed him the “Butcher.” The Conservative administration in Spain backed Weyler’s policies, while the Liberal government in Spain was enraged by the devastation in Cuba and opposed them. They were outspoken in their condemnation of his harsh treatment of Cubans.
During the Cuban revolt of 1896, the Spanish government dispatched the terrible General Weyler, sometimes known as “The Butcher,” to put down the rebellion. Weyler lived up to his eponymous moniker. Weyler created concentration camps in which he imprisoned a substantial section of the populace in order to prevent the insurrectos from leading the population against Spanish control.
In March, an official United States Naval Court of Inquiry determined that the ship was blown up by a mine, but did not directly accuse Spain for the disaster. Almost all members of Congress and a majority of the American people were convinced that Spain was culpable and demanded that the United States declare war on the country.
Many Americans sided with the Cubans, whose quest for freedom and democracy served as a reminder to them of their own revolutionary past. Business people were concerned about the economic interests of the United States in Cuba and hoped that Spain would put down the revolt soon.
General Weyler of Spain executed the first wave of the Spanish “Reconcentracion Policy,” which resulted in the detention of thousands of Cubans in concentration camps, beginning in 1896. According to Weyler’s directive, the rural people had eight days to relocate to designated camps located in fortified cities; everyone who did not comply was shot.
A. the act of internment or the state of being interned, particularly of enemy people during warfare or of suspected terrorists.
After meeting with Cuban President Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Gómez made the recommendation for a plan of economic devastation to the government. Gómez wished for the rebels to attack the western half of the island, demolish the sugar and tobacco farms, and free the slaves, as he had done in the previous year.
In those days, he was the first to engage in pitched conflict, and the reverberations of the losses he inflicted on the troops in a hundred various locations, but most notably in Las Guásimas, cemented his position as the Patriot army’s efficient commander.