It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus discovered an island that had previously been settled by three separate tribes of indigenous people: the Tanos, Ciboneys, and Guanajatabeyes. They were the first Europeans to set foot on Cuba. Scholars currently estimate that there were between 50,000 and 300,000 indigenous people living on the island at the time of the discovery.
What sort of people existed in Cuba prior to the arrival of the Spaniards?
The Guanahatabey and Taino Native Americans were the first people to settle in Cuba. They were farmers, hunters, and fisherman, among other things. In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba and claimed it for the Kingdom of Spain. The territory was originally named Isla Juana by Christopher Columbus, but it would subsequently be renamed Cuba, which originates from the local Native American name of coabana.
Spaniards are the primary source of Cubans’ European heritage, which dates back centuries (including Canarians, Asturians, Catalans, Galicians and Castilians). The native white population is almost entirely descended from the Spaniards, while the majority of non-white Cubans are likewise descended from the Spaniards.
Identity. When questioned about their race, Cubans are far more likely than other Hispanics to say they are white than other Hispanics. According to the 2004 Census statistics, around 86 percent of Cubans identified themselves as white, compared to 60 percent of Mexicans, 53 percent of other Central and South Americans, and 50 percent of Puerto Ricans in the same year.
Contrarily, we discovered that 81.8 percent of Cuban men are descended from European fathers, 17.7 percent were descended from African fathers, and 0.5 percent descended from indigenous fathers (the latter discovered in the Caribbean for the first time, two men who are most likely descended from Taino people).
Following Christopher Columbus’s discovery of Cuba on October 28, 1492, the first Spanish settlement was established on the island of Cuba. When the colonizers came, they imposed habits, culture, and practices that had little to do with the people who had lived in the area as part of the autochthonous population up to that point in time.
Because of his upbringing, Castro chose to fight for the downfall of Fulgencio Batista’s military dictatorship by creating “The Movement,” an anti-Batista paramilitary group. In July 1953, they attempted a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, during which several militants were murdered and Castro was apprehended, but were unsuccessful.
The security bridge built by Batista in an attempt to quiet political opponents proved to be fairly inadequate. As a young lawyer and activist in the months following the March 1952 revolution, Fidel Castro petitioned for Batista’s removal from power, accusing him of corruption and despotism. Castro was successful in his efforts.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated significantly.