Who was living in Cuba prior to the arrival of the Spaniards?
The indigenous Ciboney and other Arawak speaking communities were the first people to settle in Cuba, and they were the country’s first occupants. 6
It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus discovered an island that had previously been settled by three separate tribes of indigenous people: the Tanos, Ciboneys, and Guanajatabeyes. They were the first Europeans to set foot on Cuba. Scholars currently estimate that there were between 50,000 and 300,000 indigenous people living on the island at the time of the discovery.
The Spanish language was introduced to Cuba by the Spaniards. Cuban Spanish is the most akin to, and derives substantially from, the Spanish spoken in the Canary Islands, which is the language of origin. Cuba owes a great deal of its speech patterns and accent to the large number of Canarian immigrants that arrived in the country throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
The Taino’s forefathers and foremothers originated on the continent of South America. The Taino civilization, as it has been documented, developed in the islands of the Caribbean.
On August 25, 1515, the conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar established the city of Havana on the southern coast of the island, near the present-day town of Surgidero de Batabanó, or more likely on the banks of the Mayabeque River, close to the beach resort of Playa Mayabeque, according to historical records. All attempts to establish a city on Cuba’s southern coast were unsuccessful.
Following his initial landing on an island then known as Guanahani, Bahamas, on October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships, the La Pinta, the La Nia, and the Santa Mara, which discovered Cuba on October 27, 1492, and landed on the island’s northeastern coast on October 28, 1492, according to legend.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
Following Christopher Columbus’s discovery of Cuba on October 28, 1492, the first Spanish settlement was established on the island of Cuba. When the colonizers came, they imposed habits, culture, and practices that had little to do with the people who had lived in the area as part of the autochthonous population up to that point in time.
Children were among the Spaniards who were compelled to flee their nation as a result of the civil war, and they were transported overseas for their security. Many war refugees and political exiles fled to Cuba, Mexico, Argentina, and other Latin American nations, where they found sanctuary and opportunity.
Because of his upbringing, Castro chose to fight for the downfall of Fulgencio Batista’s military dictatorship by creating “The Movement,” an anti-Batista paramilitary group. In July 1953, they attempted a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, during which several militants were murdered and Castro was apprehended, but were unsuccessful.