By 1521, Cuba had become a part of the Spanish Empire, and it was ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which had its headquarters in Mexico City at the time. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began. In 1898, Cubans were far less obedient than they had been for the better part of the colonial period, especially when the other Spanish-speaking countries cut their links with their home country in the early 1820s.
Prior to the advent of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, the island of Cuba was populated by a number of different Amerindian tribes, including the Taino. Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
Cuba had been a colony from 1492 until 1898, when the United States seized control of the country as a result of the Spanish–American War. Many Cubans have ancestors that can trace their lineage back to Spain. Around the years 1820–1825, a large number of Spaniards fled the first Spanish Civil War and settled in Cuba and other nations.
After returning to Cuba, Castro played a pivotal part in the Cuban Revolution by commanding the Movement against Batista’s soldiers in the Sierra Maestra, which was a major battle in the guerrilla struggle that followed. Following Batista’s defeat in 1959, Castro ascended to the position of prime minister of Cuba, assuming military and political authority.
An uprising by Cuban Spanish loyalists against the new autonomous government erupted in Havana in January 1898, culminating to the burning of four local newspapers’ printing presses after they published pieces critical of Spanish Army crimes.
Spain was at the height of its might at the time. The Aztecs were defeated by Spanish conquerors commanded by Hernan Cortes, who united with Tlaxcalan tribes to achieve victory. Because of this, the Spanish were victorious, and Mexico has been a Spanish colony ever since.
Cuba, behind Haiti, is the second most populated country in the Caribbean, with a population of more than 11 million people. After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated significantly.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. The United States backed their cause and, following the explosion of the Maine, urged that Spain grant Cuba independence.