Prior to the advent of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, the island of Cuba was populated by a number of different Amerindian tribes, including the Taino. Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana.
Cuba, on the other hand, continued to be one of Spain’s two possessions in the New World. (The other was the island of Puerto Rico.) Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began.
It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus discovered an island that had previously been settled by three separate tribes of indigenous people: the Tanos, Ciboneys, and Guanajatabeyes. They were the first Europeans to set foot on Cuba. Scholars currently estimate that there were between 50,000 and 300,000 indigenous people living on the island at the time of the discovery.
The bilateral ties between the Republic of Cuba and the Kingdom of Spain are referred to as “Cuba–Spain relations.” There has been a connection for more than five centuries. Cuba had been a colony from 1492 until 1898, when the United States seized control of the country as a result of the Spanish–American War.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
Columbus set off from Palos, Spain, on August 3, 1492, with three tiny ships, the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina, on his first voyage. Further along in the month, Columbus observed Cuba (which he mistook for mainland China), and the crew landed on Hispaniola (which Columbus mistakenly believed to be Japan) later that month.
Cuba, behind Haiti, is the second most populated country in the Caribbean, with a population of more than 11 million people. After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
On August 25, 1515, the conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar established the city of Havana on the southern coast of the island, near the present-day town of Surgidero de Batabanó, or more likely on the banks of the Mayabeque River, close to the beach resort of Playa Mayabeque, according to historical records. All attempts to establish a city on Cuba’s southern coast were unsuccessful.
The name Cuba is derived from the indigenous word Cubanascnan, which means “people of the Cubanascnan people.” In 1492, the explorer Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba, but it wasn’t until 1511 that Spanish colonization of the island began, with the creation of colonies at Barcoa, Santiago de Cuba (1514), and finally Havana (1515). 6
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.