Spain renounced Cuba and ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States, which became known as the Treaty of Paris. The pact was met with fierce opposition in the United States Senate, but it was ultimately ratified on February 6, 1899, by a single vote.
His victorious attack against the Spanish armada in Manila Bay was a coup de grace. He and his allies were victorious at the Battle of San Juan Hill. In August of 1898, he led the army to seize the island of Puerto Rico and bring the battle to a close. He declared war on Spain in order to appease popular opinion in the United States.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
Explanation: The Spanish-American War was the first imperial conflict in which the United States was the leading power. It implied that the United States will abandon its isolationist tendencies and begin to function like an empire. Former conflicts were fought over issues like as independence, slavery, and the expansion of their territory into Mexico.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. The growing economic, political, and military might of the United States, particularly naval power, in contrast to the diminishing Spanish dominance over its far-flung colonies, resulted in a battle that was relatively brief in duration.
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
Prior to the Revolution, Cuban administrations were viewed as client republics of the United States, and this continued until the country gained independence from Spain. Cuban and United States legislation from 1902 through 1932 included the Platt Amendment, which granted the United States the ability to interfere in Cuba while placing constraints on Cuba’s international ties.
Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country. As a result, Cuba’s economy was highly unpredictable in relation to international prices since it was dependent on a single crop for its livelihood.
However, the Filipinos were unable to achieve independence like their Cuban counterparts. When it came to both cases, it was the intervention of the United States that sealed the outcome. When the Ten Years’ War ended in 1895, Cuban patriot and revolutionary José Mart relaunched the country’s campaign for independence, which had ended in failure over the previous decade (1868-1878).