Spain renounced Cuba and ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States, which became known as the Treaty of Paris.
In the aftermath of the Spanish-American War, what happened to Cuba?
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
When it came to the Spanish-American War, the Philippines and Cuba were the two most important battlegrounds. At the heart of the conflict was the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), in which US Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish Pacific fleet, as well as the Battle of Santiago de Cuba (July 1898), in which US troops defeated the Spanish forces after fierce battle.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
What was the reaction of the American people to the Cuban revolution of 1895? They were sympathetic and desired that the United States government act. When McKinley replaced Cleveland as president in 1897, he attempted to maintain Cleveland’s policy of neutrality toward Cuba.
Terms in this set (24) thought that the frontier operated as a “safety valve,” diverting potential dissatisfaction from the United States of America. Cuba desired independence from Spain, prompting the United States, which had commercial interests and citizens in Cuba, to participate in the Spanish American War. Cuba gained its independence as a result of this conflict.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion. In part, the effect of yellow journalism following the explosion and subsequent sinking of the USS Maine was responsible for the beginning of the movement.
The Ten Years’ War begins on October 10, 1868, when Cuban plantation owner Carlos Manuel Cespedes frees his slaves and declares a state of revolt against Spain, sparking the Cuban Revolution. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the rebels’ ultimate aim becomes clear: Cuban independence and liberty.
Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country. As a result, Cuba’s economy was highly unpredictable in relation to international prices since it was dependent on a single crop for its livelihood.
In the years 1868 to 1878, Cubans waged their first war of independence against the Spanish Empire. Although the rebels did not triumph, they were successful in forcing Spain to abolish THIS in 1886. Following then, investors from the United States made significant investments in THESE in Cuba. The insurgents hoped that the United States would join them in their fight.