Hostilities erupted in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Cuba’s Havana Harbor, which resulted in the United States’ entry in the Cuban War of Independence.
The Spanish–American War was fought between 1898 and 1899.
|Date||April 21 – August 13, 1898 (3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)|
|Location||Cuba and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Sea) Philippines and Guam (Asia-Pacific)|
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. In the United States, some sensational publications engaged in yellow journalism dramatically depicted Spain’s violent repressive attempts to put down the revolt, resulting in a rise in public support for the Cuban insurgents.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. The United States backed their cause and, following the explosion of the Maine, urged that Spain grant Cuba independence.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
The fact that Cuban revolutionaries had been fighting for their freedom for many years before the Spanish-American War is another fascinating detail about the conflict. A major factor in Cuba’s political situation imploding was the outbreak of the Cold War. Cubans participated in the Ten Years War, which lasted from 1868 to 1878. In 1895, Cuban insurgents led by Jose Mart rose up against the government.
During the Battle of Asomante, the US forces conquered the town of Asomante and captured a large number of Spanish captives. At the same moment, American soldiers conquered the Philippine capital of Manila. This series of two fights resulted in an armistice agreement, which was immediately followed by the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish–American War to a successful conclusion.
All of the Spanish ships were destroyed, which provided the justification for the capitulation. The Americans commenced their assault of the city at this point in time. United States artillery stationed on the ridges pummeled the city, while United States forces backed by Cuban insurgents completely cut off all water and food supplies to the city.
Spanish American War Photographic History, p. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
In what ways did the Spanish-American War affect the world? The United States ascended to the status of international power; Cuba obtained independence from Spain; and the United States seized control of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico from the Spanish government.
The Spanish-American War cost the lives of 3,000 Americans, however only a small minority of these men were killed in action during the conflict. As a result, whole units were ravaged by yellow fever and typhoid fever, which spread quickly through camps in the Caribbean and the Southeastern United States.
In 1898, the United States did not have a legitimate reason to go to war with Spain. Many people believed that Spain’s presence in the Caribbean Sea, which served as the primary commerce route between the United States and Latin America, would be damaging to both imports and exports. additional stuff to be displayed…