During the Spanish-American War, who attacked the island of Puerto Rico?
Immigration to Puerto Rico during the period 1800–1898 One of the most significant catalysts for the massive European immigration that took place during the 1800s was the Spanish Crown’s proclamation of the Royal Decree of Graces in 1815 (Real Cédula de Gracias), which resulted in the arrival of primarily Catholic immigrants from seventy-four countries in the early nineteenth century.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
Spain declared war on the United States as a result of their naval blockade of the island. During the months of May, June, and July, the United States achieved important wins in three Spanish-controlled territories: Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. With only seven casualties, General Nelson Miles commanded the invasion of Puerto Rico and successfully captured the island.
Approximately 16,000 United States forces invaded Puerto Rico on July 25, 1898, in the port of Guánica, claiming to be liberating the island’s residents from Spanish colonial control, which had just granted the island’s government limited autonomy.
Puerto Rico was conquered by the United States in 1898, as part of the Spanish–American War, and later became a territory of the United States. For most of the first decade of the twentieth century, the effort to achieve greater democratic rights from United States was the dominant theme.
Attempting to gain independence from Spain
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Following the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana’s harbor on February 15, 1898, a declaration of war against Spain was issued less than a month later.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. The growing economic, political, and military might of the United States, particularly naval power, in contrast to the diminishing Spanish dominance over its far-flung colonies, resulted in a battle that was relatively brief in duration.
During Cuba’s war for independence, the United States kept a close eye on the situation. The United States had millions of dollars in investments in Cuban firms, and there were a large number of American residents living in the country. The United States also conducted business with Cuba.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
Collections in the General Collections of the Library of Congress. After declaring war on Spain in April 1898, the United States invaded Puerto Rico on July 25, 1898, as part of the war’s last phase. The United States was victorious. It took roughly three weeks for military operations to be completed on the island
Puerto Rico was officially ceded to the United States on October 18, 1898, when American forces fighting in the Spanish-American War hoisted the United States flag over the island, thereby establishing U.S. rule over the former Spanish territory. On July 25, General Nelson A. Miles successfully landed around 3,500 United States forces on the island.
The Jones-Shafroth Act was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on March 2, 1917. This statute granted Puerto Ricans the right to become citizens of the United States. The Jones Act established a separation of powers between the executive, judicial, and legislative departments of the Puerto Rican government, as well as civil rights for individuals and the establishment of a bicameral legislature elected by the people of Puerto Rico.