What events are taking place in Washington, DC in June?
In the Havana port on February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin sunk the battleship U.S.S. Maine, killing 266 of the ship’s crew of 354 people. The sinking of the Maine stoked anti-Spanish feelings in the United States, which eventually resulted in a naval blockade of Cuba and the declaration of war against Spain.
During the next 20 years, the United States intervened militarily in Cuban politics on three separate occasions: 1906–09, 1912–13, and 1917–22. In 1912, U.S. Marines were dispatched to Cuba to quash anti-discrimination demonstrations by Afro-Cubans.
While on a supposedly pleasant visit to Cuba, the Maine was really dispatched there to defend the interests of American citizens when an insurrection against Spanish government erupted in Havana in January of this year. In March, an official United States Naval Court of Inquiry determined that the ship was blown up by a mine, but did not directly accuse Spain for the disaster.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. The United States backed their cause and, following the explosion of the Maine, urged that Spain grant Cuba independence.
The invasion was expected to be supported by the Cuban people and parts of the Cuban military, according to the strategy. The ultimate aim was the removal of Castro from power and the formation of a non-communist administration that was sympathetic to the United States.
Cuba is officially known as the Republic of Cuba (Repblica de Cuba).
The Spanish–American War lasted from April 25, 1898, to August 12, 1898, and it came to a close on December 10, 1898, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. As a result of the departure of Spanish forces from Cuba in December 1898, the United States held the island until 1902, and, in accordance with the Teller Amendment, did not try to annex the island at that time.
What was the nature of the change in ties between the United States and Cuba following the Cuban Revolution? Despite the fact that the United States government recognized the government of Cuba, suspicion increased among Americans because they did not want a Communist nation so near to the United States.
It was in 1898, during the Spanish–American War, that the United States captured Guantánamo Bay and constructed a naval station there, which became known as the Battle of Guantánamo Bay. After signing a lease in 1903, the United States was granted authority to utilize the area as a coaling station and naval base by the Cuban government.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
When an explosion rocked the Havana port on the night of February 15, 1898, it was just three weeks after the battleship USS Maine had docked for a cordial visit with the Cuban government. Both came at the same fundamental conclusion: that the ship had been destroyed by a magazine explosion that had been caused by an external blast, which they both agreed on.
An explosion in Havana Harbor on the night of February 15 tore through the ship’s hull, killing more than 260 men who were on board. One hundred and twenty-two members of the crew made it out alive.
During the Cuban War of Independence, the Maine was dispatched to Havana Harbor to safeguard American interests. On the evening of February 15, 1898, she exploded and sunk, killing 268 sailors, or roughly three-quarters of her crew, in the process. In 1898, a commission of investigation for the United States Navy determined that the ship had been lost by an exterior explosion caused by a mine.