On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
What is the current state of ties between the United States and Cuba?
The beginnings of the war. The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. The Cuban crisis was detrimental to U.S. interests in the island, which were believed to be worth $50 million at the time, and it almost brought U.S. commerce with Cuban ports, which was valued at $100 million yearly at the time, to a halt.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
The Philippines, as well as the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico, were given to the United States. Cuba gained independence, and Spain received a settlement of $20 million dollars for its losses. In the United States, the pact sparked a spirited discussion over its merits.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result. For many years prior to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Cubans had been struggling for their independence from the Spanish Empire.
As a result of the loss of the Battleship Maine off the coast of Havana on February 15, 1898, the United States officially declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. 37. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. The growing economic, political, and military might of the United States, particularly naval power, in contrast to the diminishing Spanish dominance over its far-flung colonies, resulted in a battle that was relatively brief in duration.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. The Spanish government rejected the United States’ ultimatum and severing diplomatic ties with the United States took effect immediately.