Spain renounced Cuba and ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States, which became known as the Treaty of Paris. The pact was met with fierce opposition in the United States Senate, but it was ultimately ratified on February 6, 1899, by a single vote.
Was Cuba a victim of the Spanish-American War, and how did it fare?
The independence of Cuba, the expansion of the United States into former Spanish colonies, and the collapse of Spanish imperial authority were all significant outcomes of the Spanish-American War. Although the war was considered a huge triumph for the United States, it also facilitated the growth of the United States’ empire outside its boundaries.
The Spanish government responded by severing diplomatic ties with the United States on April 21, 2018. On the same day, the United States Navy initiated a naval blockade of Cuba. Both sides declared war on each other, and neither had any allies. The 10-week conflict was fought in two different locations: the Caribbean and the Pacific.
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. In the United States, some sensational publications engaged in yellow journalism dramatically depicted Spain’s violent repressive attempts to put down the revolt, resulting in a rise in public support for the Cuban insurgents.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. The Spanish government rejected the United States’ ultimatum and severing diplomatic ties with the United States took effect immediately.
In the Global Empire, it is becoming dark (1808-1898) The invasion of Spanish territory by Napoleonic armies in 1808 (see Peninsular War) severed the country’s functional ties with the empire. During the power vacuum created by the Peninsula War, Spain’s territories on the continent of America were lost as a result of the independence movements of the early nineteenth century.
During this fight, a slew of various things went horribly wrong. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine was the catalyst for the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In addition, there were numerous casualties and taxes were raised as a result of the war’s high cost. During this period, there was also imperialism to contend with.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
In the Havana port on February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin sunk the battleship U.S.S. Maine, killing 266 of the ship’s crew of 354 people. The sinking of the Maine stoked anti-Spanish feelings in the United States, which eventually resulted in a naval blockade of Cuba and the declaration of war against Spain.
On the 10th of October, 1868, landowner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes announced Cuban independence as well as the liberation of his slaves from slavery. This marked the beginning of the Ten Years’ War, which would span from 1868 until 1878.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated significantly.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.