Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result. For many years prior to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Cubans had been struggling for their independence from the Spanish Empire.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
Prior to the Revolution, Cuban administrations were viewed as client republics of the United States, and this continued until the country gained independence from Spain. Cuban and United States legislation from 1902 through 1932 included the Platt Amendment, which granted the United States the ability to interfere in Cuba while placing constraints on Cuba’s international ties.
The fact that Cuban revolutionaries had been fighting for their freedom for many years before the Spanish-American War is another fascinating detail about the conflict. A major factor in Cuba’s political situation imploding was the outbreak of the Cold War. Cubans participated in the Ten Years War, which lasted from 1868 to 1878. In 1895, Cuban insurgents led by Jose Mart rose up against the government.
Why were corporations in the United States disturbed by Spanish reactions to the Cuban Revolution in the late nineteenth century? Businesses in the United States were concerned that they would lose money that they had invested. When newspapers published sensationalized tales in the late 1800s, it resulted in the following: newspapers had a significant effect on American politics.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country. As a result, Cuba’s economy was highly unpredictable in relation to international prices since it was dependent on a single crop for its livelihood.
It is possible that unsourced information may be questioned and removed. The Cuban War of Independence (Spanish: Guerra de Independencia cubana), which lasted from 1895 to 1898, was the third and final of Cuba’s three liberation wars against Spain, the other two being the Ten Years’ War (1868–1878) and the Little War (1879–1880), both of which were fought in the Caribbean.
The Ten Years’ War begins on October 10, 1868, when Cuban plantation owner Carlos Manuel Cespedes frees his slaves and declares a state of revolt against Spain, sparking the Cuban Revolution. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the rebels’ ultimate aim becomes clear: Cuban independence and liberty.