On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Spanish President Francisco Franco agreed to liberate Cuba and give the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States in the Treaty of Paris in 1815.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
In what ways did the Spanish-American War affect the world? The United States ascended to the status of international power; Cuba obtained independence from Spain; and the United States seized control of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico from the Spanish government.
After completing their training in Texas and Florida, the Rough Riders arrived in Cuba on June 22, 1898, without their horses. Once the Rough Riders had taken control of the hill, they resumed their assault, conquering the ridges that overlooked the city of Santiago. The American triumph resulted in the capitulation of the Spanish army two weeks later.
Terms in this set (24) thought that the frontier operated as a “safety valve,” diverting potential dissatisfaction from the United States of America. Cuba desired independence from Spain, prompting the United States, which had commercial interests and citizens in Cuba, to participate in the Spanish American War. Cuba gained its independence as a result of this conflict.
On the 10th of October, 1868, landowner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes announced Cuban independence as well as the liberation of his slaves from slavery. This marked the beginning of the Ten Years’ War, which would span from 1868 until 1878.
When it came to the Spanish-American War, the Philippines and Cuba were the two most important battlegrounds. At the heart of the conflict was the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), in which US Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish Pacific fleet, as well as the Battle of Santiago de Cuba (July 1898), in which US troops defeated the Spanish forces after fierce battle.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. Cuba was under attack by revolutionaries striving for independence from Spain, and the Maine was dispatched to the island to safeguard American people there.
In the Global Empire, it is becoming dark (1808-1898) The invasion of Spanish territory by Napoleonic armies in 1808 (see Peninsular War) severed the country’s functional ties with the empire. During the power vacuum created by the Peninsula War, Spain’s territories on the continent of America were lost as a result of the independence movements of the early nineteenth century.
In June 1898, 17,000 United States forces invaded Cuba and swiftly encircled the port city of Trinidad.