Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Spain’s military was outmatched from the start of the war, and the combat came to a stop on August 12, 1898, when an armistice was signed between the two countries. The United States invaded Cuba and annexed the territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines in 1959.
Despite the fact that the United States did not have any foreign colonies to defend, corporate and government leaders recognized that a powerful navy was necessary to secure commerce and the country’s expanding international interests. Cuba was under attack by revolutionaries striving for independence from Spain, and the Maine was dispatched to the island to safeguard American people there.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
There were several factors contributing to the battle, but the most urgent ones were America’s backing for Cuba’s protracted struggle against Spanish control and the inexplicable explosion of the U.S.S. Arizona in the Caribbean. It would be the first time the United States would fight a war outside of its borders, with battles in both Cuba and the Philippines taking place.
Spanish American War Photographic History, p. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. On the same day, Spain declared war on the United States, and the United States Congress voted on April 25 to declare war on Spain as a result.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. Photograph courtesy of the United States Naval Historical Center In response to the unexplained sinking of the United States battleship Maine in the Cuban port city of Havana on February 15, 1898, the United States government declared war on Spain two months later.
When it came to the Cuban Revolution, how did the acts of the Spanish influence American attitudes? The violent actions of the Spanish were condemned by the Americans. The Spanish, in the opinion of many Americans, were taking a fair approach to the Cuban Revolution. When the Spanish agreed to accept assistance in resolving the dispute, the Americans were overjoyed.
Following its loss in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, which transferred control of its long-standing colony of the Philippines to the United States. The subsequent Philippine-American War lasted three years and resulted in the deaths of more than 4,200 American and more than 20,000 Filipino soldiers and civilians.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.