Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
When it came to the Spanish-American War, the Philippines and Cuba were the two most important battlegrounds. At the heart of the conflict was the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), in which US Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish Pacific fleet, as well as the Battle of Santiago de Cuba (July 1898), in which US troops defeated the Spanish forces after fierce battle.
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a conflict between the United States and Spain that would last for years. The United States backed their cause and, following the explosion of the Maine, urged that Spain grant Cuba independence.
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
The United States of America declared war on Spain on April 21, 1898. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
When it came to the Cuban Revolution, how did the acts of the Spanish influence American attitudes? The violent actions of the Spanish were condemned by the Americans. The Spanish, in the opinion of many Americans, were taking a fair approach to the Cuban Revolution. When the Spanish agreed to accept assistance in resolving the dispute, the Americans were overjoyed.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 brought Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere to an end and cemented the United States’ place as a Pacific power in the hemisphere. As a result of the conflict, the United States was able to solidify its supremacy in the Caribbean area while also pursuing its strategic and economic goals in the Asian region.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902.
What was the reaction of the Spanish to the insurrection in Cuba? – They dispatched Valeriano Weyler to put down the uprising, and he was responsible for the deaths of many in his barbed wire prison camps. The arrival of the Maine in a Cuban port sparked fury among Americans, who were made to assume it was a Spanish invasion.