The first authority from the King of Spain to bring in black slaves to Cuba took occurred in 1512, according to historical records. The primary reason for bringing them was their superior strength and job performance as compared to the aborigines. Read on for more information.
Sugar and tobacco were established as Cuba’s principal exports by the Spanish, and the island rapidly surpassed Hispaniola as the primary Spanish base in the Caribbean.
Trade. 1.3 billion Euros worth of commerce was place between Cuba and Spain in 2017. Shrimp, rum, tobacco, and sugar are among Cuba’s most important exports to Spain. Machinery, food, vehicle components, and electrical equipment are among Spain’s most important exports to Cuba, along with other goods.
One significant turning point occurred during the Seven Years’ War, when the British took the port of Havana and brought thousands of slaves into the country over the course of ten months. A major sugar boom began as soon as Spain opened up Cuba’s ports to foreign ships, and it lasted until the 1880s. Sugar cane might be grown successfully on the island.
The USS Maine was dispatched to Cuba as a result of this request. While the Maine was parked in Havana port, the ship was sunk by a spontaneous explosion that occurred. The sinking of the Maine was attributed to the Spanish, and the likelihood of a negotiated settlement became extremely remote.
Following Christopher Columbus’s discovery of Cuba on October 28, 1492, the first Spanish settlement was established on the island of Cuba. When the colonizers came, they imposed habits, culture, and practices that had little to do with the people who had lived in the area as part of the autochthonous population up to that point in time.
Between 1821 and 1877, they traveled from Vigo, Spain, to the port of Havana, Cuba, in order to escape starvation and political oppression. Between the 1920s and 1940s, a large number of Galicians and other Iberians who had come on the island eventually settled in Mexico and the United States.
Equipment, food, and fuel goods account for the vast majority of Cuba’s imports, while refined fuels, sugar, tobacco, nickel, and medicines account for the vast majority of its exports.
Cuba sold $127 million worth of goods to Spain in 2019. Hard liquor ($37.7 million), rolled tobacco ($25.3 million), and crustaceans ($19.3 million) were the most popular items supplied from Cuba to Spain. Over the previous 24 years, Cuban exports to Spain have climbed at a yearly rate of 1.3 percent, rising from $92.9 million in 1995 to $127 million in 2019. This represents an increase of about 300%.
In addition to nickel, Cuba exports cane sugar, cigars, gasoline, drinks, metallic ores, fish, cement, oil, and thyroid extract, among other things. Venezuela, China, Canada, the Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, France, the Ivory Coast, Brazil, Russia, and Italy are Cuba’s most important export partners, followed by the United States.
The introduction of sugarcane to Cuba was a watershed moment in the country’s history. The Spanish conqueror of Cuba, Diego Velázquez, is credited for introducing sugar cane, which was imported from Santo Domingo. Since then, settlers have been extracting the juice from the cane in order to create sugar, initially by pressing the cane to remove the juice.
From the 1500s until the 1800s, Spanish invaders transported around 8,000 Africans to Cuba, the most of them were from West Africa, to labor on the sugar fields. By 1838, when slavery reached its zenith on the island, there were almost 400,000 slaves there.
Because of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Cuban economy was largely reliant on sugar exports for a long time. However, sugar output has decreased significantly since then. Cuba’s raw sugar exports accounted for $378 million of the country’s $1.4 billion total exports in 2015.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result. For many years prior to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Cubans had been struggling for their independence from the Spanish Empire.