Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
What exactly happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
During this fight, a slew of various things went horribly wrong. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine was the catalyst for the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. In addition, there were numerous casualties and taxes were raised as a result of the war’s high cost. During this period, there was also imperialism to contend with.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
The fact that Cuban revolutionaries had been fighting for their freedom for many years before the Spanish-American War is another fascinating detail about the conflict. A major factor in Cuba’s political situation imploding was the outbreak of the Cold War. Cubans participated in the Ten Years War, which lasted from 1868 to 1878. In 1895, Cuban insurgents led by Jose Mart rose up against the government.
During the establishing of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, Cuba grew increasingly reliant on Soviet markets and military assistance, and throughout the Cold War, Cuba was considered a Soviet ally in the region.
It is possible that unsourced information may be questioned and removed. The Cuban War of Independence (Spanish: Guerra de Independencia cubana), which lasted from 1895 to 1898, was the third and final of Cuba’s three liberation wars against Spain, the other two being the Ten Years’ War (1868–1878) and the Little War (1879–1880), both of which were fought in the Caribbean.
Following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, the United States declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. The war began on April 25, 1898. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
Cuba, behind Haiti, is the second most populated country in the Caribbean, with a population of more than 11 million people. After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
In spite of the fact that Cuba is typically a safe place to visit, traveling there may expose you to “small” crimes such as cash frauds and pickpocketing. You should also be aware of potential health risks such as polluted tap water, COVID-19, mosquito-borne infections, and dangerous road conditions if you are driving a car.