Spain renounced Cuba and ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States, which became known as the Treaty of Paris. The pact was met with fierce opposition in the United States Senate, but it was ultimately ratified on February 6, 1899, by a single vote.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.
Following Spain’s defeat by U.S. and Cuban forces during the War of 1898, Spain surrendered control over Cuba to the United States. As a result of the conflict, United States soldiers occupied Cuba until 1902, when the United States agreed to enable a new Cuban government to assume complete charge of the country’s affairs.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 brought Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere to an end and cemented the United States’ place as a Pacific power in the hemisphere. As a result of the conflict, the United States was able to solidify its supremacy in the Caribbean area while also pursuing its strategic and economic goals in the Asian region.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result. For many years prior to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Cubans had been struggling for their independence from the Spanish Empire.
For the purpose of averting the danger of the United States annexing Cuba, Congress approved the Teller Amendment, which said that the United States would assist the Cuban people in their struggle for independence from Spain but would not annex the island once they had achieved independence.
Cuba, behind Haiti, is the second most populated country in the Caribbean, with a population of more than 11 million people. After being colonized by Spain since the 15th century, it became an American protectorate during the Spanish–American War of 1898. After being conquered by the United States, Cuba acquired nominal independence as a de facto protectorate of the United States in 1902.
In seven years, Fulgencio Batista killed 20,000 Cubans and transformed Democratic Cuba into a total police state, eradicating every aspect of individual liberty in the process. Nonetheless, as a result of our assistance to his tyranny and the ineffectiveness of our policies, Batista was able to claim the name of the United States un favor of his regime’s reign of terror.
The slave trade in Cuba would not come to an end in a systematic manner until chattel slavery was abolished. By Spanish royal decree in 1886, slavery in Cuba was officially abolished, making it one of the last countries in the Western Hemisphere (behind only Brazil) to do so publicly.
Equipment, food, and fuel goods account for the vast majority of Cuba’s imports, while refined fuels, sugar, tobacco, nickel, and medicines account for the vast majority of its exports.
• The year is 1897, and the play begins. Although a Cuban triumph appears to be in the cards, the United States intervenes in the conflict anyhow. Shortly later, in 1898, the United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris, which compels Spain to surrender and recognizes Cuba as an independent country.