What territories did the United States cede to Cuba in the form of colonies?
The United States’ desire in acquiring Cuba began well before the year 1898. Following the conclusion of the Ten Years War, American sugar companies purchased significant areas of property in Cuba. During the American Revolutionary War, changes to the sugar tariff in favor of home-grown beet sugar contributed to the reignited revolutionary fervor in 1895.
However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars. Armed insurgents in the Philippines, who had battled against Spanish authority, quickly turned their weapons on their new invaders.
During the Cold War, the United States wished to see Europe expelled from the Western Hemisphere and supported the Cuban independence movement. The offer was made in an attempt to bring the conflict between Spain and the Cuban revolutionaries to a close, ending in the establishment of an independent Cuba.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 brought Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere to an end and cemented the United States’ place as a Pacific power in the hemisphere. As a result of the conflict, the United States was able to solidify its supremacy in the Caribbean area while also pursuing its strategic and economic goals in the Asian region.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion. In part, the effect of yellow journalism following the explosion and subsequent sinking of the USS Maine was responsible for the beginning of the movement.
As a world power, the United States emerged from the war with authority of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and the territory of Guam. In 1902, the United States withdrew its soldiers from Cuba, and the country was recognized as a sovereign state. It granted the United States the authority to intervene in Cuba in the interests of maintaining a stable government in the island nation.
In 1897, following certain rebel victories in Cuba’s second struggle of independence, U.S. President William McKinley offered to purchase the island for $300 million dollars. It was a combination of the refusal to accept the offer and an explosion in Havana port that sank the American battleship USS Maine that precipitated the Spanish–American War.
This letter, also known as the Ostend Circular, was prepared in 1854 and stated the reasons why the United States should acquire Cuba from Spain, while also hinting that the United States should declare war on Spain if Spain refused to sell.
One of the factors contributing to America’s westward expansion in the 1840s was a degree of economic instability both at home and overseas at the time. The Panic of 1837 had a significant impact on the economy, with millions of people losing their jobs and their houses. Many people looked to the West for new beginnings.