The War in Cuba The United States Navy, led by Commodore Winfield Scott Schley, imprisoned the squadron when it blockaded Santiago along with other key Cuban ports. American ground forces began to attack the city from the north on July 1, 1898.
What was the unsuccessful invasion of Cuba?
The United States invaded Cuba in 1898 to preserve their interests and to revenge the disaster of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana
On February 15, 1898, a mystery explosion sunk the battleship USS Maine in Havana Harbor, igniting a war between the United States and Spain. The Maine had arrived to Cuba to safeguard American nationals as Cuban revolutionaries were battling to obtain independence from Spain.
In January 1898, fearing the fate of American interests in Cuba from the conflict, the cruiser USS Maine was despatched to safeguard them. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with minimum casualties for the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured.
On April 21, 1898, the United States declared war on Spain. The grounds for war were varied, but there were two urgent ones: America’s backing the continuous struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish control, and the inexplicable explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
The US had no strategy in place since its intelligence had been confident that the Soviets would never plant nuclear weapons in Cuba.
President Kennedy did not want the Soviet Union and Cuba to know that he had discovered the missiles. The purpose of this “quarantine,” as he termed it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in additional military supplies. He urged the evacuation of the missiles already there and the demolition of the installations.
Representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace deal in Paris on December 10, 1898, which proclaimed the independence of Cuba, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and permitted the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for $20 million.