Spain renounced Cuba and ceded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States, which became known as the Treaty of Paris.
Was Cuba a victim of the Spanish-American War, and how did it fare?
The Treaty of Paris, in addition to ensuring Cuba’s independence, compelled Spain to relinquish the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Sugar and tobacco were established as Cuba’s principal exports by the Spanish, and the island rapidly surpassed Hispaniola as the primary Spanish base in the Caribbean.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
Prior to the Revolution, Cuban administrations were viewed as client republics of the United States, and this continued until the country gained independence from Spain. Cuban and United States legislation from 1902 through 1932 included the Platt Amendment, which granted the United States the ability to interfere in Cuba while placing constraints on Cuba’s international ties.
After arriving on the island of Cuba in October 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus established the first official contact between Spain and Cuba. Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country.
Upon learning that the USS Maine had been sunk by Spanish sabotage, the United States declared war on the country responsible. Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war.
Spanish American War Photographic History, p. The Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, brought the war to a close. A consequence of this is that Spain has lost authority over the remnants of its former foreign empire — which includes Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Islands as well as Guam and other Pacific islands.
It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus discovered an island that had previously been settled by three separate tribes of indigenous people: the Tanos, Ciboneys, and Guanajatabeyes. They were the first Europeans to set foot on Cuba. Scholars currently estimate that there were between 50,000 and 300,000 indigenous people living on the island at the time of the discovery.
Columbus set off from Palos, Spain, on August 3, 1492, with three tiny ships, the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina, on his first voyage. Further along in the month, Columbus observed Cuba (which he mistook for mainland China), and the crew landed on Hispaniola (which Columbus mistakenly believed to be Japan) later that month.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba obtained nominal independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution in 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated significantly.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris, Cuba was designated as a U.S. protectorate from 1898 to 1902, granting the United States a position of economic and political domination over the island that remained even after Cuba earned its independence in 1902. Following the Cuban Revolution of 1959, bilateral relations between the United States and Cuba significantly worsened..