What exactly happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War?
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. In the United States, some sensational publications engaged in yellow journalism dramatically depicted Spain’s violent repressive attempts to put down the revolt, resulting in a rise in public support for the Cuban insurgents.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted only a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace treaty with the United States, granting the United States control over Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Cuba, on the other hand, continued to be one of Spain’s two possessions in the New World. (The other was the island of Puerto Rico.) Since the Spaniards initially occupied and colonized the region in 1511, it had been administered from Madrid, as it had been since that time period began.
The Spanish-American War was primarily precipitated by the United States’ response to the Cuban independence movement. Cuban revolutionaries launched an armed insurrection against the Spanish Empire in 1895. Many American companies had considerable assets in Cuba at the time, and the revolution had a detrimental impact on these investments.
The Philippines, as well as the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico, were given to the United States. Cuba gained independence, and Spain received a settlement of $20 million dollars for its losses. In the United States, the pact sparked a spirited discussion over its merits.
Cuba is situated at the confluence of the northern Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. In terms of location, it lies east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the United States state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola, north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands, and west of Cuba.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
After the inexplicable sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana port on February 15, 1898, it appeared increasingly apparent that the United States would intervene militarily in the country. The Spanish government rejected the United States’ ultimatum and severing diplomatic ties with the United States took effect immediately.
The humanitarian worries over Cuba were a crucial factor in the outbreak of the Spanish American War. Another factor contributing to the conflict was the presence of American business interests in Cuba. A third reason for the war was that the United States want to see Spain expelled from the Western Hemisphere. Another contributing factor was the yellow press.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
What were the factors that led to the Spanish-American war? Among the demands of Cubans were independence from Spain, the protection of American enterprises in Cuba, the sinking of the USS Maine, and exaggerated news/yellow journalism.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. The Spanish–American War, on the other hand, culminated in the Spanish retreat from the island in 1898, and after three and a half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba achieved official independence from the United States in 1902.