Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
On December 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris, which brought the Spanish-American War to a close, was signed. Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars.
Despite the fact that the Spanish-American War lasted just a few months, it came to an end when Spain signed a peace deal with the United States, granting the United States dominion of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam. Cuba, on the other hand, was no longer considered a U.S. colony but rather an independent country.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result. For many years prior to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Cubans had been struggling for their independence from the Spanish Empire.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
The Spanish-American War of 1898 brought Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere to an end and cemented the United States’ place as a Pacific power in the hemisphere.
Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, a lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces banded together under the leadership of wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868, known as the Grito de Yara (“Cry of Yara”), signaled the beginning of the country’s independence from the United States.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. Photograph courtesy of the United States Naval Historical Center In response to the unexplained sinking of the United States battleship Maine in the Cuban port city of Havana on February 15, 1898, the United States government declared war on Spain two months later.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
In 1898, the United States did not have a legitimate reason to go to war with Spain. Many people believed that Spain’s presence in the Caribbean Sea, which served as the primary commerce route between the United States and Latin America, would be damaging to both imports and exports. additional stuff to be displayed…
There were several lessons to be learned from the Spanish-American War. Sanitation, equipment, and organizational changes were implemented in the army throughout the post-war years. The framework of the whole volunteer system was altered under the direction of Secretary of War Elihu Root.