Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
The conflict had its origins in the Cuban battle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895 and lasted until the end of the century. In the United States, some sensational publications engaged in yellow journalism dramatically depicted Spain’s violent repressive attempts to put down the revolt, resulting in a rise in public support for the Cuban insurgents.
On April 21, 1898, the United States of America declared war on the Spanish Empire. However, there were only two urgent grounds for going to war: America’s backing for the continuous fight by Cuban and Filipino people against Spanish control and the mystery explosion that occurred in Havana Harbor aboard the battleship USS Maine, which sparked the conflict.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
The war had several major consequences, the most significant of which were Cuba gaining independence from Spain, the United States gaining Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, and the Spanish Empire collapsing as a result.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 brought Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere to an end and cemented the United States’ place as a Pacific power in the hemisphere. As a result of the conflict, the United States was able to solidify its supremacy in the Caribbean area while also pursuing its strategic and economic goals in the Asian region.
The origins of the Spanish-American War
Why were corporations in the United States disturbed by Spanish reactions to the Cuban Revolution in the late nineteenth century? Businesses in the United States were concerned that they would lose money that they had invested. When newspapers published sensationalized tales in the late 1800s, it resulted in the following: newspapers had a significant effect on American politics.
The Philippines, as well as the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico, were given to the United States. Cuba gained independence, and Spain received a settlement of $20 million dollars for its losses. In the United States, the pact sparked a spirited discussion over its merits.
Despite the fact that the United States agreed not to invade Cuba after winning the war, it did expect Cuba to allow extensive American participation in Cuban affairs after winning the war. As a consequence of the conflict, the United States gained control of the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands.
How did the United States get involved in the Spanish-American War despite President McKinley’s early opposition to the conflict? The Spanish-American War came about primarily as a result of popular demand on the part of the American people. McKinley, the “ear to the ground politician,” was forced to concede to the public’s demands as a result of public opinion.
The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion. In part, the effect of yellow journalism following the explosion and subsequent sinking of the USS Maine was responsible for the beginning of the movement.
After returning to Cuba, Castro played a pivotal part in the Cuban Revolution by commanding the Movement against Batista’s soldiers in the Sierra Maestra, which was a major battle in the guerrilla struggle that followed. Following Batista’s defeat in 1959, Castro ascended to the position of prime minister of Cuba, assuming military and political authority.
The cruiser USS Maine was despatched to Cuba in January 1898, out of concern for the fate of American interests in the country as a result of the war. Superior naval gunnery and seamanship triumphed, and the whole Spanish fleet was sunk with only a few fatalities on the part of the Americans, who suffered only two men killed or injured in the battle.