The war between the United States and Spain was fought in Cuba and the Philippines in 1898. After less than three months, Cuba gained its “independence,” while the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as part of its territorial expansion.
Because of this struggle, along with the Spanish-American trade dispute of the 1890s, the country’s productive potential had been reduced by two-thirds. Close to 20 percent of the city’s estimated prewar population of 1,800,000 had perished, and the outlook for those who survived was gloomy to say the very least. Cubans lacked financial resources and were highly indebted.
Spain relinquished all claims to Cuba, gave Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and handed sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States in exchange for a sum of $20 million dollars. Armed insurgents in the Philippines, who had battled against Spanish authority, quickly turned their weapons on their new invaders.
In what ways did the Spanish-American War affect the world? The United States ascended to the status of international power; Cuba obtained independence from Spain; and the United States seized control of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico from the Spanish government.
Following his arrival in Cuba as part of a Spanish expedition, Spain captured the island and installed Spanish administrators in the capital city of Havana. Following the Spanish–American War, however, the Spanish were forced to evacuate from the island in 1898, and after three-and-a-half years of continuous US military administration, Cuba was granted its official independence from the United States in 1902.
Because of the United States’ success in the war, the Spanish were forced to surrender their claims to Cuba and to give sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States in a peace treaty that was signed in 1815. During the battle, the United States also annexed the autonomous state of Hawaii from the United Kingdom.
When it came to the Cuban Revolution, how did the acts of the Spanish influence American attitudes? The violent actions of the Spanish were condemned by the Americans. The Spanish, in the opinion of many Americans, were taking a fair approach to the Cuban Revolution. When the Spanish agreed to accept assistance in resolving the dispute, the Americans were overjoyed.
United States troops entered Cuba in 1898 to defend American interests and revenge the destruction of the USS Maine, which had blown up in the Havana harbor the year before.
On December 10, 1898, representatives of Spain and the United States signed a peace treaty in Paris that recognized Cuba’s independence, gave Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and authorized the winning power to acquire the Philippines Islands from Spain for a sum of $20 million.
Terms in this set (24) thought that the frontier operated as a “safety valve,” diverting potential dissatisfaction from the United States of America. Cuba desired independence from Spain, prompting the United States, which had commercial interests and citizens in Cuba, to participate in the Spanish American War. Cuba gained its independence as a result of this conflict.
The Philippines, as well as the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico, were given to the United States. Cuba gained independence, and Spain received a settlement of $20 million dollars for its losses.
As a result of Cuba’s battle for independence from Spain, the Spanish-American War was triggered immediately. The growing economic, political, and military might of the United States, particularly naval power, in contrast to the diminishing Spanish dominance over its far-flung colonies, resulted in a battle that was relatively brief in duration.
Under Spanish authority, Cuba developed into a significant producer of sugarcane, and in order to keep up with worldwide demand, Spain began importing slaves from Africa to labor in the country. As a result, Cuba’s economy was highly unpredictable in relation to international prices since it was dependent on a single crop for its livelihood.
More tariffs and trade restrictions were imposed on Cuba in 1895, prompting the country’s economically troubled citizens to initiate the Cuban War of Independence, which was a continuation of the previous conflict. Despite the fact that Maceo had been dead by the time of the American invasion in Cuba in April 1898, the war turned out to be brief and one-sided.